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GB 50763-2012 English PDF (GB50763-2012)

GB 50763-2012 English PDF (GB50763-2012)

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GB 50763-2012: Codes for accessibility design

This code was formulated with a view to creating a accessibility environment in cities, improving life quality of people and ensuring people in needs to safely and conveniently use facilities. This code is applicable to constructed, renovated and extended urban road, urban square, urban green space, residential district, residential building and historic building throughout the country. Those urban road, urban square, urban green space, building or design with accessibility needs, not involved in this code should be implemented according to requirements of similar types in this code. Accessibility for rural road and public service facility should be implemented according to this code.
GB 50763-2012
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
UDC
P GB 50763-2012
Codes for Accessibility Design
ISSUED ON: MARCH 20, 2012
IMPLEMENTED ON: SEPTEMBER 1, 2012
Issued by: Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of PRC;
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 General Provisions ... 7
2 Terms ... 8
3 Design Requirements of Accessible Facilities ... 12
3.1 Curb Ramp ... 12
3.2 Tactile Ground Surface Indicator ... 12
3.3 Accessible Entrance ... 14
3.4 Wheelchair Ramp ... 15
3.5 Accessible Routes and Doors ... 15
3.6 Accessible Stairway and Steps ... 17
3.7 Wheelchair Accessible Elevator, Platform Lift and Stair Lift ... 18 3.8 Handrails ... 19
3.9 Public Toilet and Individual Washroom for Wheelchair Users ... 19
3.10 Public Bathroom ... 22
3.11 Accessible Guest Room ... 23
3.12 Accessible Housing and Dormitory ... 23
3.13 Wheelchair Accessible Seat ... 24
3.14 Accessible Vehicle Parking Lot ... 25
3.15 Low Height Service Facilities ... 25
3.16 Accessibility Sign Identification System and Information Accessibility ... 25 4 Urban Road ... 27
4.1 Implementation Scope ... 27
4.2 Sidewalk ... 27
4.3 Crosswalk ... 28
4.4 Pedestrian Overpass and Underpass ... 28
4.5 Bus Stop ... 29
4.6 Accessibility Sign Identification System ... 30
5 Urban Square ... 31
5.1 Implementation Scope ... 31
5.2 Design Requirements ... 31
6 Urban Green Space ... 33
6.1 Implementation Scope ... 33
6.2 Park Green Space ... 33
6.3 Affiliated Green Space ... 36
6.4 Other Green Space ... 37
7 Residential District, Residential Building ... 38
7.1 Road ... 38
7.2 Residential Green Space ... 38
7.3 Auxiliary Public Facilities ... 39
7.4 Residential Building ... 40
8 Public Buildings ... 41
8.1 General Requirements ... 41
8.2 Office, Scientific Research and Judicial Buildings ... 41
8.3 Education Building ... 42
8.4 Medical Rehabilitation Building ... 43
8.5 Welfare and Special Service Building ... 45
8.6 Sports Building ... 46
8.7 Culture Building ... 47
8.8 Commercial Service Building ... 49
8.9 Passenger Coach Station ... 49
8.10 Public Parking Space (Garage) ... 50
8.11 Oil and Gas Fuelling Stations ... 51
8.12 Buildings in Expressway Service Area ... 51
8.13 Public Toilet ... 51
9 Accessibility Construction and Renovation of Historic Buildings ... 53 9.1 Implementation Scope ... 53
9.2 Accessible Travel Path ... 53
9.3 Entrance ... 53
9.4 Courtyard ... 53
9.5 Service Facilities ... 54
9.6 Information and Sign ... 54
Appendix A -- Accessibility Sign ... 55
Appendix B -- Signboard of Accessible Facilities ... 56
Appendix C -- Directional Signboard of Accessible Facilities ... 58
Explanation of Wording in This Code ... 60
List of Quoted Standards ... 61
1 General Provisions
1.0.1 This code was formulated with a view to creating a accessibility
environment in cities, improving life quality of people and ensuring people in needs to safely and conveniently use facilities.
1.0.2 This code is applicable to constructed, renovated and extended urban road, urban square, urban green space, residential district, residential building and historic building throughout the country. Those urban road, urban square, urban green space, building or design with accessibility needs, not involved in this code should be implemented according to requirements of similar types in this code. Accessibility for rural road and public service facility should be implemented according to this code.
1.0.3 Accessibility design for relevant railway, aviation, urban rail transit and water transportation facility shall meet the requirements of this code and those for relevant accessibility design in relevant industry.
1.0.4 During the implementation of this code, urban accessibility design still shall comply with relevant principles and policies of China and meet overall urban development requirements so as to achieve safety and usability,
advanced technology and economic rationality.
1.0.5 Urban accessibility design shall not only meet those specified in this code, but also those specified in current relevant national standard.
2 Terms
2.0.1 Curb ramp
It is a kind of ramp located at sidewalk intersection or on both ends of crosswalk to avoid sidewalk curb from causing traffic obstacles and make pedestrian conveniently accessible to sidewalk.
2.0.2 Tactile ground surface indicator
It is a kind of solid floor tile paved on sidewalk or at other locations to render people with visual disability a tactile sense and guide people with visual disability to go ahead and distinguish direction so as to arrive at path of destination.
2.0.3 Directional indicator
It is a tactile ground surface indicator with strip surface that guides people with visual disability directly go ahead through tactile cane and foot sense. 2.0.4 Warning indicator
It refers to tactile ground surface indicator with dot-like surface, which is used at starting point, corner, end point of tactile ground surface indicator to indicate positions of service facilities and warn people with visual disability of unsafe or dangerous conditions ahead and serves as a warning role.
2.0.5 Accessible entrance
It refers to entrance whose gradient, width, height, ground material and handrail are convenient for people with movement disorder to pass through.
2.0.6 Ramp entrance
It refers to entrance not equipped with handrail, with its ground gradient no less than 1: 20.
2.0.7 Wheelchair turning space
It refers to space arranged to make people riding a wheelchair convenient to change direction through turning.
2.0.8 Wheelchair ramp
It refers to ramp whose gradient, width, height, ground material and handrail are convenient for people riding a wheelchair to pass through.
2.0.18 Accessible urinal
It refers to urinal with grab bar that is convenient for people with movement disorder to use.
2.0.19 Accessible bathtub
It refers to bathtub with complete accessible facilities.
2.0.20 Accessible shower stall
It refers to shower stall with complete accessible facilities.
2.0.21 Shower seat
It refers to fixed or movable seat used during showering.
2.0.22 Accessible guest room
It refers to guest room that entrance, path, communication area, furniture and rest room are equipped with accessible facilities and space and sizes of the room are convenient for people with movement disorder to safely move.
2.0.23 Accessible housing
It refers to housing that entrance, path, communication area, furniture, kitchen and rest room are equipped with accessible facilities and space and sizes of the room are convenient for people with movement disorder to safely move. 2.0.24 Wheelchair accessible seat
It refers to positions for people riding a wheelchair in locations equipped with fixed seats such as auditorium, lecture hall, reading room and classroom. 2.0.25 Seats for accompanying persons
It refers to the seat that is arranged near wheelchair accessible seat and convenient for accompanying people to attend people riding a wheelchair. 2.0.26 Edge protection
It refers to facilities that prevent small wheel of wheelchair and cane from laterally sliding out of ramp, foot step and platform edges.
2.0.27 Accessible vehicle parking lot
It refers to vehicle parking lot convenient for people with movement disorder to use.
3 Design Requirements of Accessible Facilities
3.1 Curb Ramp
3.1.1 Curb ramp shall meet the following requirements:
1 Ramp of curb ramp shall be smooth and non-slip;
2 Between entrance and roadway of curb ramp should be free from height
difference. Where it exits a height difference, ground elevation higher than roadway shall not be greater than 10 mm;
3 Full-width one-way ramp curb ramp should be selected in priority.
3.1.2 Gradient of curb ramp shall meet the following requirements:
1 Gradient of full-width one-way ramp curb ramp shall not be greater than 1: 20;
2 Front and lateral gradient of three-way ramp curb ramp shall not be
greater than 1: 12;
3 Gradients of other curb ramps shall not be greater than 1: 12.
3.1.3 Width of curb ramp shall meet the following requirements:
1 Full-width one-way ramp curb ramp shall share the same width with
sidewalk;
2 Front ramp width of three-way ramp curb ramp shall be greater than or equal to 1.20 m;
3 Groove widths of other curb ramps shall be greater than or equal to 1.50 m.
3.2 Tactile Ground Surface Indicator
3.2.1 Tactile ground surface indicator shall meet the following requirements: 1 Tactile ground surface indicator may be divided into directional indicator and warning indicator according to its use function;
2 Tactile ground surface indicator lines shall protrude 4 m high than the pavement;
3 Tactile ground surface indicator shall be paved continuously and shall be kept clear from obstacles such as tree (pit), pole and pulling line; other facilities concentrated people flow should not be less than 1.80 m;
2 Width of outdoor path should not be less than 1.50 m;
3 Wheelchair accessible path at ticket entrance and check-out shall be
greater than or equal to 900 mm.
3.5.2 Accessible route shall meet the following requirements:
1 Accessible route shall be continuous and the ground shall be flat, smooth and non-slip and with small or without any reflection; and it should not be arranged with thick carpet;
2 Where accessible route exists height difference, wheelchair ramp shall be arranged;
3 Width of rainwater grate hole in outdoor path shall not be greater than 15 mm;
4 Height from objects fixed on wall and post of accessible route to the ground shall be greater than or equal to 2.00 m. If less than 2.00 m, height of protruding part shall not be greater than 100 mm; if protruding part is greater than 100 mm, its height from the ground shall be less than 600 mm;
5 Where underpart space such as oblique escalator and stairway is
accessible, safety barrier shall be arranged.
3.5.3 Accessibility design of door shall meet the following requirements: 1 Swing door with large force shall not be adopted; swing door and glass door should not be adopted. Where glass door is adopted, striking information sign shall be provided with;
2 Clear width of doorway after automatic door is opened shall be greater than or equal to 1.00 m;
3 Clear width of doorway after side-hung door, sliding door and folding door are opened shall be greater than or equal to 800 mm. If conditions permit, it should not be less than 900 mm;
4 Wheelchair turning space with diameter no less than 1.50 m shall be
reserved inside and outside the door leaf;
5 Width of wall surface arranged on the side of single side-hung door,
sliding door and folding door handles shall be not less than 400 mm;
6 Side-hung door, sliding door and folding door leaves shall be arranged with handles with 900 distant from the ground and should be arranged with 4 The first step of ascending and descending stairway should be greatly different from other steps in color or material.
3.7 Wheelchair Accessible Elevator, Platform Lift and Stair Lift
3.7.1 Waiting area for wheelchair accessible elevator shall meet the following requirements:
1 Depth of elevator lobby should not be less than 1.50 m and depth of
elevator lobby in public buildings and that arranged with hospital elevator should not be less than 1.80 m;
2 Call button shall be arranged at a height of 0.90 m ~ 1.10 m;
3 Clear width of elevator door opening should not be less than 900 mm;
4 Warning indicator should be arranged at elevator entrance;
5 Display device for running status of elevator and arrival sound shall be arranged for elevator lobby.
3.7.2 Elevator car of wheelchair accessible elevator shall meet the following requirements:
1 Clear width of opened elevator car door shall be greater than or equal to 800 mm;
2 Floor selection button with braille shall be arranged at a height of 0.90 m ~ 1.10 m on side wall of elevator car and the braille should be placed near the button;
3 Handrail shall be arranged at a height of 850 mm ~ 900 mm on three
walls of elevator car and shall meet relevant requirements of Section 3.8 in this code.
4 Display device on running status of elevator and elevator level alarming sound shall be arranged in elevator lobby.
5 Mirror shall be installed at a height of 900 mm on front elevator car or materials with mirror effect shall be adopted;
6 Size of elevator car shall be selected according to different building natures and service requirements. For the minimum sizes, depth shall be greater than or equal to 1.40 m and width shall be greater than or equal to 1.10 m. For medium size, depth shall be greater than or equal to 1.60 m and width shall be greater than or equal to 1.40 m. Hospital elevator should be selected for medical buildings and buildings for the elderly;
1 Accessible facilities in ladies' room include at least one water closet compartment for wheelchair users and one accessible wash basin; and those in men's room include at least one water closet compartment for wheelchair users, one accessible urinal and one accessible wash basin;
2 Entrance and path to the toilet shall be convenient for people riding a wheelchair to enter into and turn; the turning diameter shall not be less than 1.50 m;
3 Door shall be convenient for opening, and clear width of the doorway shall not be less than 800 mm;
4 Ground shall be non-slip and free from accumulated water;
5 Water closet compartment for wheelchair users shall be arranged with
accessibility sign; and accessibility sign shall meet the requirements of relevant requirements in Section 3.16 of this code.
3.9.2 Water closet compartment for wheelchair users shall meet the following requirements:
1 Water closet compartment for wheelchair users shall be convenient for people riding a wheelchair to arrive in and go out/in; the size should be 2.00 m ?? 1.50 m and shall be greater than or equal to 1.80 m ?? 1.00 m;
2 Door of water closet compartment for wheelchair users should be opened outward. If it is opened inward, wheelchair turning space with diameter no less than 1.50 m shall be set aside within water closet compartment after opening. Clear width of doorway shall be greater than or equal to 800 mm. 900 mm high horizontal handrail shall be arranged outside the side-hung door, door handle shall be arranged at a height of 900 mm inside closed door leaf and emergency- opening bolt shall be adopted outside the door;
3 Close-stool shall be arranged in water closet compartment and horizontal grab bar with length no less than 700 mm shall be arranged on both sides of water closet compartment and at places with 700 mm distant from ground and 1.40 m high vertical grab bar shall be arranged on the opposite side.
3.9.3 Accessibility design for individual washroom for wheelchair users shall meet the following requirements:
1 Its position should be near public toilet and convenient for people riding a wheelchair to enter into and turn; the turning diameter shall not be less than 1.50 m;
2 The area shall be greater than or equal to 4.00 m2;
4 Toilet paper dispenser shall be arranged at lateral anterior of close-stool and the height shall be 400 mm ~ 500 mm.
3.10 Public Bathroom
3.10.1 Accessibility design for public bathroom shall meet the following requirements:
1 Accessible facilities in public bathroom include one accessible shower stall or bathtub and one accessible wash basin;
2 Entrance of and indoor space in public bathroom shall be convenient for people riding a wheelchair to enter into and use; the bathroom shall be able to guarantee accessible turning of the wheelchair inside it and the turning diameter shall be not less than 1.50 m;
3 Bathroom ground shall be non-slip and free from accumulated water;
4 Movable curtain should be adopted at bathroom entrance. Where side-
hung door is adopted, the door leaf shall be opened outward and the bathroom shall be arranged with 900 m high horizontal handrail; 900 mm high door handle shall be arranged inside closed door leaf and emergency-opening bolt outside the door shall be adopted;
5 One water closet compartment for wheelchair users shall be arranged.
3.10.2 Accessible shower stall shall meet the following requirements:
1 Width of short side of accessible shower stall shall not be less than 1.50 m;
2 Height of shower seat should be 450 mm and its depth should not be less than 450 mm;
3 700 mm high horizontal grab bar and 1.40 m ~ 1.60 m high vertical grab bar distant from the ground shall be arranged in shower stall;
4 Height of control switch for shower head distant from the ground in
shower stall shall not be greater than 1.20 m;
5 Height of towel rack shall not be greater than 1.20 m.
3.10.3 Accessible bathtub shall meet the following requirements:
1 Seat convenient for entering and using is arranged on one end of bathtub and the depth shall be greater than or equal to 400 mm;
2 Two layers of 600 mm and 900 mm horizontal grab bars respectively shall 3.12.4 Other requirements on accessible housing and dormitory are as follows: 1 Area of single bedroom shall be greater than or equal to 7.00 m2 and that of double bedroom shall be greater than or equal to 10.50 m2; area of bedroom concurrently serving as a living room shall be greater than or equal to 16.00 m2, areas of living room and kitchen shall be greater than or equal to 14.00 m2 and 6.00 m2 respectively.
2 Area of rest room arranged with close-stool, bathing device (bathtub or shower) and wash basin shall be greater than or equal to 4.00 m2; area of rest room arranged with close-stool and bathing device shall be greater than or equal to 3.00 m2; area of rest room arranged with close-stool and wash basin shall be greater than or equal to 2.50 m2; and area of rest room arranged with close-stool shall be greater than or equal to 2.00 m2;
3 In kitchen for people riding a wheelchair, clear width and height below operating platform shall be greater than or equal to 650 mm; depth shall be greater than or equal to 250 mm;
4 Call button shall be arranged in bedroom and rest room;
5 Position and height of control switch for furniture and electrical appliances shall be convenient for people riding a wheelchair to approach and use; 6 Flash alarm doorbell shall be installed in residential buildings and
apartments for people with hearing disorder.
3.13 Wheelchair Accessible Seat
3.13.1 Wheelchair accessible seat shall be arranged near emergency exit and path and shall not be arranged within the range of public path.
3.13.2 Width of path in auditorium leading to wheelchair accessible seat shall be greater than or equal to 1.20 m.
3.13.3 Wheelchair accessible seat ground shall be flat, smooth and non-slip; handrail or railing should be installed on its edges.
3.13.4 Occupancy area of each wheelchair accessible seat shall be greater than or equal to 1.10 m ?? 0.80 m.
3.13.5 Sight line for watching performance and competition in wheelchair accessible seat shall not be sheltered, or shelter others' sight lin...

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