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GB 31604.9-2016 English PDF (GB31604.9-2016)

GB 31604.9-2016 English PDF (GB31604.9-2016)

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GB 31604.9-2016: Food safety national standard -- Food contact materials and products -- Determination of heavy metals in food simulants

This Standard specifies the determination of heavy metals in food simulants (4% acetic acid). The Method One of this Standard applies to the determination of heavy metals of food contact materials and products in food simulants (4% acetic acid).
GB 31604.9-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF
THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National Food Safety Standard ?€?
Food contact materials and products ?€?
Determination of heavy metals in food simulants
ISSUED ON. AUGUST 31, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 1, 2017
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning of China
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
Method One Direct colorimetric method ... 4
2 Principle... 4
3 Reagents and materials ... 4
4 Apparatus ... 5
5 Analysis steps ... 6
6 Expression of analysis results ... 6
Method Two Masking interference colorimetric method ... 6
7 Principle... 6
8 Reagents and materials ... 6
9 Apparatus ... 8
10 Analysis steps ... 8
11 Expression of analysis results ... 8
Foreword
This Standard replaces GB/T 5009.60-2003 Method for Analysis of Hygienic Standard of Products of Polyethylene, Polystyrene and Polypropyrene for Food Packaging, GB/T 5009.61-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of products of tripolycyanamide for food packaging, GB/T 5009.64-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of rubber sheet (ring) for food use, GB/T 5009.65-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of rubber sealing ring for pressure cooker for food use, GB/T 5009.66-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of nipple of a feeding bottle, GB/T 5009.67-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of product of polyvinyl chloride for food packaging, GB/T 5009.68-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of perchlorovinyl- coating for inner wall of food container, GB/T 5009.70-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of epoxy coating for inner wall of food container, GB/T 5009.79-2003 Hygienic analytical method of rubber hose for food use, GB/T 5009.98-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of unsaturated
polyester resin and glass fibre reinforced product, GB/T 5009.99-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of polycarbonate resin used as food containers and packaging, GB/T 5009.100-2003 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of products of foamed polystyrene for food packaging.
Compared with GB/T 5009.60-2003 and other standard replaced by this
Standard, the main changes in this Standard are as follows.
- modified the standard?€?s name to ?€?National Food Safety Standard - Food contact materials and products - Determination of heavy metals in food
simulants?€?;
- modified the expression of the applicable scope;
- modified the expression of principle;
- deleted the sampling methods in each previous standard;
- deleted the soaking conditions in each previous standard;
- modified the expression of analysis results.
National Food Safety Standard ?€?
Food contact materials and products ?€?
Determination of heavy metals in food simulants
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the determination of heavy metals in food simulants (4% acetic acid).
The Method One of this Standard applies to the determination of heavy metals of food contact materials and products in food simulants (4% acetic acid). The Method Two of his Standard applies to the determination of heavy metals of food contact rubber products in food simulants (4% acetic acid).
Method One Direct colorimetric method
2 Principle
The heavy metal (in terms of lead) in the food simulant test solution obtained by the migration test INTERACTS with sodium sulfide to FORM yellow-brown sulfide in acidic solution and COMPARE with the color of lead standard solution. 3 Reagents and materials
NOTE Unless otherwise stated, the reagents used in this method are of analytical grade and water is Grade Two specified in GB/T 6682.
3.1 Reagents
3.1.1 Sodium sulfide hydrate (Na2S ?€? 9H2O)
3.1.2 Glycerol (C3H8O3)
3.1.3 Glacial acetic acid (CH3COOH)
3.1.4 Nitric acid (HNO3, 60%, mass fraction)
3.2 Preparation of reagents
8.4.2 Lead standard use solution. pipet 10.0 mL of lead standard stock
solution (8.4.1); place it in a 100 mL volumetric flask; add water to dilute to scale. well mix. OR pipet 1.0 mL of lead standard solution (8.3.1) certified by the state and awarded the standard material certificate; place it in a 100 mL volumetric flask; use water to dilute to scale; well mix.
1 mL of this solution is equivalent to 10 ??g of lead.
9 Apparatus
9.1 Constant temperature oven
9.2 Volumetric flasks. 100 mL, 1000 mL
9.3 Pipettes. 10 mL, 20 mL
9.4 Color comparison tube. 50 mL
9.5 Measuring tube. 50 mL
9.6 Analytical balances. resolutions of 0.0001 g, 0.1 g
10 Analysis steps
10.1 Sample preparation
Samples shall be subjected to migration test by using 4% acetic acid solution (8.2.5) as food simulant so as to obtain food simulant test solution. Store it in a 0??C ~ 4??C refrigerator in the dark.
10.2 Determination of sample solution
Pipet 20 mL of food simulant test solution (10.1) obtained by migration test in the 50 mL color comparison tube. Take another 2 mL of lead standard use solution (8.4.2) into the 50 mL color comparison tube. Add 20 mL of 4% acetic acid solution (8.2.5). Respectively add 1 mL of ammonium citrate solution (8.2.2), 3 mL of ammonia and 1 mL of potassium cyanide solution (8.2.1) into two color comparison tubes; add water to scale and well mix. Then respectively add 2 drops of sodium sulfide solution (8.2.4). Well mix. Place for 5 min. Taking white color as background, from the top or side, observe and compare the colors of simulated test solution and standard solution color.
11 Expression of analysis results
When the sample color is darker than the color of standard solution, heavy

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