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GB 31604.20-2016 English PDF (GB31604.20-2016)

GB 31604.20-2016 English PDF (GB31604.20-2016)

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GB 31604.20-2016: Food contact materials -- Polymer materials -- Determination of vinyl acetate in food stimulants by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

This standard specifies determination method of vinyl acetate migration quantity in food contact materials and products. This standard applies to determination of vinyl acetate migration quantity in food contact materials and products.
GB 31604.20-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National food safety standard -
Food contact materials and products -
Determination of vinyl acetate migration quantity
ISSUED ON. OCTOBER19, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. APRIL 19, 2017
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning Commission of the PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword . 3
1 Scope .. 4
2 Principles .. 4
3 Reagents and materials . 4
4 Instrument and equipment .. 5
5 Analytical procedures .. 5
6 Analysis results expression . 7
7 Confirmatory test .. 7
8 Precision . 7
9 Others .. 7
Appendix A Vinyl acetate gas chromatogram .. 8
Appendix B Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry confirmation reference
conditions .. 9
Appendix C Vinyl acetate chromatography-mass spectrometry diagram .. 11 National food safety standard -
Food contact materials and products -
Determination of vinyl acetate migration quantity
1 Scope
This standard specifies determination method of vinyl acetate migration quantity in food contact materials and products.
This standard applies to determination of vinyl acetate migration quantity in food contact materials and products.
2 Principles
In the sample, after the vinyl acetate is leached from the food simulation soaking solution, use acetone to dilute it, and finally use gas chromatography to determine and external standard method to quantify. Once the sample is
detected, it must be confirmed by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry. 3 Reagents and materials
Unless otherwise indicated, the reagents used in this method are analytical grade, the water is the grade-1 water specified in GB/T 6682. The containers and transfer apparatuses in the test shall avoid using plastic materials. 3.1 Reagents
3.1.1 Acetone (C3H6O). It does not contain vinyl acetate.
3.1.2 Methanol (C2H4O).
3.1.3 Water-based, acidic, alcoholic, oil-based food simulants. The reagents used are in accordance with the provisions of GB 31604.1.
3.2 Reagent preparation
3.2.1 Water-based, acidic, alcoholic, oil-based food simulants. Operate according to GB 5009.156.
5.2 Preparation of standard working solution of food simulants that are water-based, acidic food, alcoholic, and oil-based
Accurately PIPETTE 0 mL, 0.01 mL, 0.05 mL, 0.1 mL, 0.5 mL, 1.0 mL of vinyl acetate standard intermediate solution into 10 mL volumetric flask; USE acetone to dilute it; OBTAIN standard working solution with vinyl acetate concentration of 0.00 mg/L, 0.1 mg/L, L, 0.5 mg/L, 1.0 mg/L, 5.0 mg/L, 10.0 mg/L, respectively. In the same way, OBTAIN standard working solution of food simulants that are water-based, acidic food, alcoholic, and oil-based.
5.3 Gas chromatograph (GC) reference conditions
The GC reference conditions are listed below.
a) Chromatographic column. DB-5 quartz capillary column, column length 30 m, inner diameter 0.32 mm, film thickness 0.25 ??m, or equivalent;
b) Temperature programming. 35 ??C (keep for 5 min), rising from 5 ??C/min to 50 ??C, rising from 40 ??C/min to 250 ??C (keep for 2 min);
c) Inlet temperature. 250 ??C;
d) Injection mode. split injection (10.1), injection volume is 1 ??L;
e) Detector temperature. 300 ??C;
f) Carrier gas (N2) flow rate. 0.5 mL/min;
g) Hydrogen flow rate. 30 mL/min;
h) Air flow rate. 400 mL/min.
5.4 Determination
5.4.1 Sample determination
TAKE a clean and dry 25 mL volumetric flask; ADD 1 g (accurate to 0.0001 g) of simulated food soaking solution after migration experiment; USE acetone to dilute it to the mark; MIX it uniformly for spare-use. USE micro-syringe to pipette respectively a certain amount of the above test solution; INJECT it into gas chromatograph. According to the above gas chromatographic conditions,
REPEAT the determination twice. The gas chromatogram of vinyl acetate is shown in Figure A.1.
5.4.2 Blank Test
Blank test refers to, except for not adding sample, use exactly the same analytical procedure, reagents and dosage, carry out parallel operation. Appendix B
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry confirmation reference
conditions
B.1 Gas chromatographic conditions
The gas chromatographic conditions are listed below.
a) Chromatographic column. Capillary column. DB-5 ms 30 m ?? 0.25 mm
(inner diameter) ?? 0.25 ??m, or equivalent;
b) Temperature programming. 30 ??C (keep for 4 min), rising from 5 ??C/min to 50 ??C, rising from 40 ??C/min to 250 ??C (keep for 2 min);
c) Inlet temperature. 250 ??C;
d) GC-MS interface temperature. 280 ??C;
e) Carrier gas (He). 0.55 mL/min;
f) Injection mode. split injection, split ratio is 10.1.
B.2 Mass Spectrometry Conditions
The mass spectrometry conditions are listed below.
a) Ion source temperature. 230 ??C;
b) Quadrupole rod temperature. 150 ??C;
c) Ion source. EI source, ionization energy 70 eV;
d) Quantitative ion. 43 m/z;
e) Qualitative ion. 86,44 m/z.
Note. For different mass spectrometers, the instrument parameters may be different. Before the determination, the mass spectrometry parameters shall be optimized to the best.
B.3 Qualitative determination
When determining the sample, dilute the sample solution appropriately, and determine the sample solution and standard working solution according to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry conditions. If it is confirmed that the

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