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GB 21861-2014 English PDF (GB21861-2014)

GB 21861-2014 English PDF (GB21861-2014)

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GB 21861-2014: Items and methods of power-driven vehicles safety technology inspection

This Standard specified the inspection items, inspection method, inspection requirements and disposal of inspection results of the motor vehicle safety technical inspection. This Standard is applicable to motor vehicle safety technical inspection institutions for motor vehicle safety technical inspection. This Standard also applies to the entry inspection and quarantine institution for entry of motor vehicle safety technical inspection. Motor vehicles which are approved to conduct actual road test and motor vehicle of temporary entry can conduct safety technical inspection with reference to this Standard.
GB 21861-2014
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.180
R 80
Replacing GB 21861-2008
Items and methods of motor vehicles
safety technical inspection
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 22, 2014
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 01, 2015
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection
and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 6
1 Scope ... 8
2 Normative references ... 8
3 Terms and definitions ... 9
4 Inspection items ... 10
5 Inspection method ... 13
6 Inspection requirements ... 19
7 Handling of inspection result ... 36
8 Transitional period of implementation of standards ... 38
Annex A ... 39
Annex B ... 42
Annex C ... 43
Annex D ... 49
Annex E ... 51
Annex F ... 52
Annex G ... 53
Annex H ... 57
Annex I ... 59
Bibliography ... 64
- Added ?€?inspection requirements?€?(see chapter 6 of this version);
- Deleted ?€?(affirmation for the identify of vehicle)inspection item and requirement?€? (6.1.1 and 6.2.1 of version 2008);
- Deleted ?€?off-line inspection?€? (Chapter 8 of version 2008);
- Deleted ?€?in-line inspection?€? (Chapter 9 of version 2008);
- Deleted ?€?road test inspection?€? (Chapter 10 of version 2008);
- Deleted ?€?supplementary statement for inspection of two-wheeled and three-wheeled motor vehicle?€? (Chapter 11 of version 2008);
- Revised the evaluation requirements for inspection result (see 7.1 of this version; 12.2 of version 2008);
- Added the inspection qualification disposal requirements (see 7.2 of this version; 12.4 of version 2008);
- Added the inspection non-qualification disposal requirements (see 7.3 of this version); - Revised abnormal situation disposal requirements (see 7.4 of this version; 6.1.2 and 6.2.2 of version 2008);
- Added transition requirement for the implementation of the standard (see chapter 8 of this version);
- Deleted Annex A Main features and technical parameters (Annex A of version 2008); - Deleted Annex B Appearance inspection, chassis dynamic test and vehicle chassis inspection test of vehicles, inspection item (Annex B of version 2008); - Deleted Annex C Manual inspection item for two-wheeled and three wheeled motor vehicle (Annex C of version 2008);
- Deleted Annex D Braking performance parameter calculation method (Annex D of version 2008);
- Added Annex A Outer size measurement (see Annex A of this version);
- Added Annex B Curb-mass measurement (see Annex B of this version);
- Added Annex C Braking performance test (see Annex C of this version); - Added Annex D Headlamp inspection (see Annex D of this version);
- Added Annex E Travel speed indicator error inspection (see Annex E of this version); Items and methods of motor vehicle
safety technical inspection
1 Scope
This Standard specified the inspection items, inspection method, inspection requirements and disposal of inspection results of the motor vehicle safety technical inspection. This Standard is applicable to motor vehicle safety technical inspection institutions for motor vehicle safety technical inspection. This Standard also applies to the entry inspection and quarantine institution for entry of motor vehicle safety technical inspection. Motor vehicles which are approved to conduct actual road test and motor vehicle of temporary entry can conduct safety technical inspection with reference to this Standard. This Standard does not apply to safety technical inspection of tractor on road for tractor transportation unit.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for application of this document. For the dated documents so quoted, only the dated versions apply to this document. For the undated documents so quoted, the latest versions (including all modification sheets) apply to this document.
GB 1589 Limits of dimensions, axle load and masses for road vehicles
GB/T 3730.2 Road vehicle ?€? Masses - Vocabulary and codes
GB/T 3730.3 Motor vehicles and towed vehicles - Dimensions of vehicles - Terms and definitions
GB 4785 Prescription for installation of the external lighting and light-signalling devices for motor vehicles and their trailers
GB 7258-2012 Safe specification for power-driven vehicles operating on roads GB 11567.1 Motor vehicles and trailers - Lateral protection requirements GB 11567.2 Motor vehicles and trailers - Rear underrun protection requirements GB 13094 The safety requirements for bus construction
GB 13392 The vehicle mark for road transportation dangerous goods
GB 16735 Road vehicle-Vehicle identification number (VIN)
GB/T 17676 Natural gas vehicle and liquefied petroleum gas vehicle Identification marks
GB 18564.1 Road tanker for dangerous liquid goods transportation - Part 1. Technical requirements of atmospheric pressure metal tank
GB 18986 The safety requirements for light bus construction
GB/T 19056 Vehicle travelling data recorder
GB 19151 Warning triangles for motor vehicle
GB 20300 Safety specifications for road transportation vehicle of explosive substance and chemical toxic substance
GB 24315 The marker of school bus
GB 24407 The safety technique specifications of special school buses
GB 25990 Rear-marking plates for vehicles and their trailers
GB/T 26765 Specifications for power-driven vehicle safety inspection business information system and networking
GA 36 License plate of motor vehicle of the PEOPLE republic of china
GA 802 Types of motor vehicle - Terms and definitions
GA 804 Special fixing device for license plate of motor vehicle
GA 1186 General technical specifications for monitoring system of vehicle safety inspection
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions defined in GB 7258 and GA 802 apply to this document. 3.1
Inspection for unregistered vehicle
Safety technical inspection that motor vehicle safety technical inspection institution conducted to motor vehicle applied for registration.
3.2
Inspection inspection for in - use the vehicle
Safety technical inspection that motor vehicle safety technical inspection institution conducted to motor vehicle registered.
3.3
Inspection for the identify of the vehicle
Inspection shall be made to plate number and type of motor vehicle, vehicle brands and models, vehicle identification number (or vehicle factory number), engine number (or electric motive number), vehicle color and appearance to confirm identity of inspected motor vehicle.
3.4
Inspection for the characteristic parameters of the vehicle
Inspection shall be made to outer size of motor vehicle, curb-mass, verified passenger carrying number and other main features and technical parameters of vehicles to confirm conformance to national security technical standard of motor vehicle, product announcement of motor vehicle, factory certificate of motor vehicle, driving certificate of motor vehicle and other technical data.
3.5
Chassis operating inspection
In driving state, qualitatively judge whether steering system, driving system, braking system, instrument and indicator of inspected motor vehicle meet the safety requirements. 4 Inspection items
4.1 Safety technical inspection item of motor vehicle is shown in table 1. 4.2 When the entry inspection and quarantine authority inspected entry motor vehicles which need to obtain motor vehicle certificates before driving on the road, it shall cover inspection item as stipulated in table 1, and implement according to requirement of registration and inspection.
4.3 Safety technical inspection item of wheel special mechanical cars and tramcar shall be confirmed with reference to table 1 and relevant requirements of national standards and industry standards.
6.3.4.1 The verified passenger carrying number of the motor vehicle shall meet carrying regulations of 4.5.2 to 4.5.6 and 11.6 in GB 7258-2012.
6.3.4.2 When inspection for unregistered vehicle, the verified passenger carr...

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