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GB 19147-2016 English PDF (GB19147-2016)

GB 19147-2016 English PDF (GB19147-2016)

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GB 19147-2016: [Including Amendment 2018XG1] Automobile diesel fuels

This Standard specifies terms and definitions, product classification, technical requirements and test methods, sampling, marking, packaging, transportation and storage, safety and implementation of the Standard of automobile diesel fuels. This Standard applies to automobile diesel fuels made from the petroleum or added with additives that improve the use performance, for compression-ignition engine automobiles. This Standard does not apply to automobile diesel fuels with biodiesel as a blending component.
GB 19147-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 75.160.20
E 31
Replacing GB 19147-2013
Automobile diesel fuels
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 23, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. DECEMBER 23, 2015
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PEOPLE Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 7
4 Product classification ... 7
5 Technical requirements and test methods ... 8
6 Sampling ... 14
7 Marking, packaging, transportation and storage ... 14
8 Safety ... 14
9 Standard implementation ... 15
Annex A (informative) The minimum temperature with the risk rate of 10 % of some regions ... 16
Annex B (normative) Test for nitrate-type cetane number modifiers in
automobile diesel fuels ... 18
Foreword
All technical contents of this Standard are mandatory.
This Standard is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Standard replaces GB 19147-2013 ?€?Automobile diesel fuels (V)?€?.
Compared with GB 19147-2013, in addition to editorial modifications, main technical changes of this Standard are as follows.
- ADD ?€?automobile diesel fuels can not be artificially added with methanol?€? (see 5.1 of this Standard, 5.1 of 2013 edition);
- DELETE technical requirements and test methods for automobile diesel fuels (III) (see Table 1 of 2013 edition); ADD technical requirements and test methods for automobile diesel fuels (V) (see Table 3 of this Standard)
- INCREASE the flash point of No. 5, No. 0 and No. 10 automobile diesel fuels TO not lower than 60 ??C (see Table 1 and Table 2 of this Standard, Table 2 and Table 3 of 2013 edition);
- MODIFY the arbitration test method of 10 % carbon residue of distillation residue TO GB/T 17144;
- MODIFY the arbitration test method of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons content TO SH/T 0806;
- ADD the determination method, NB/SH/T 0916, of fatty acid methyl ester content, which is regarded as the arbitration test method;
- MODIFY Clause 9, ?€?Implementation of the Standard?€? (see Clause 9 of this Standard, Clause 9 of 2013 edition).
This Standard is proposed by National Energy Board.
This Standard is under the technical jurisdiction of Subcommittee on Petroleum and Lubricants of National Technical Committee on Petroleum Products and Lubricants of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 280/SC 1).
Drafting organizations of this Standard. China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation Petrochemical Research Institute, China National Petroleum Corporation Refining and Chemical Branch, China National Petroleum Corporation Petrochemical Research Institute, China Petroleum Refining and Chemical Co., Ltd., China Automotive Research Center.
Automobile diesel fuels
WARNING - If the appropriate protective measures are not observed, the
products in this Standard may be dangerous in the course of production, transportation, handling, storage and use. This Standard is not intended to advise on all safety issues related to this product. It is the responsibility of the user to adopt appropriate safety and protective measures and to ensure
compliance with the conditions set forth in the relevant national regulations. 1 Scope
This Standard specifies terms and definitions, product classification, technical requirements and test methods, sampling, marking, packaging, transportation and storage, safety and implementation of the Standard of automobile diesel fuels. This Standard applies to automobile diesel fuels made from the petroleum or added with additives that improve the use performance, for compression-ignition engine automobiles. This Standard does not apply to automobile diesel fuels with biodiesel as a blending component.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the dated edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including all amendments) applies.
GB 190 Packing symbol of dangerous goods
GB/T 258 Standard test method for determination of acidity of light petroleum products
GB/T 260 Determination of water content in petroleum products
GB/T 261 Determination of flash point - Pensky-Martens closed cup method GB/T 265 Petroleum products - Determination of kinematic viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity
GB/T 268 Petroleum products - Determination of carbon residue - Conradson method
GB/T 386 Standard test method for cetane number of diesel fuel oil
GB/T 508 Petroleum products - Determination of ash
GB/T 510 Petroleum products - Determination of solidification point
GB/T 511 Petroleum products and additives - Method for determination of mechanical admixtures
GB/T 1884 Crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Laboratory
determination of density - Hydrometer method
GB/T 1885 Petroleum measurement tables
GB/T 4756 Method for manual sampling of petroleum liquids
GB/T 5096 Petroleum products - Corrosiveness to copper - Copper strip test GB/T 6536 Standard test method for distillation of petroleum products at atmospheric pressure
GB/T 11133 Standard test method for determination of water in petroleum products, lubricating oils, and additives - Coulometric Karl Fischer titration method GB/T 11139 Distillate fuels - Calculation of cetane index
GB/T 11140 Standard test method for sulfur in petroleum products by wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
GB/T 17144 Petroleum products - Determination of carbon residue - Micro method GB/T 20828 Biodiesel blend stock (BD100) for diesel engine fuels
GB/T 23801 Determination of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) in middle distillates by infrared spectroscopy method
GB 30000.7-2013 Rules for classification and labelling of chemicals - Part 7. Flammable liquids
GB/T 30515 Petroleum products - Transparent and opaque liquid - Determination of kinematic viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity
GB/T 33400 Determination of total contamination in middle distillates, diesel fuels and fatty acid methyl esters
SH 0164 Rules for the packaging, storage and delivery of petroleum products SH/T 0175 Oxidation stability determination method for fractional fuels (acceleration method)
SH/T 0246 Determination of water content in light petroleum products (electricity method)
SH/T 0248 Determination of cold filter point for diesel fuels and civil heating oil SH/T 0604 Determination of density of crude oil and petroleum products (U-shaped vibration tube method)
SH/T 0606 Determination method for middle distillate hydrocarbon composition (mass spectrometry)
SH/T 0689 Determination of total sulfur content of light hydrocarbons and engine fuels and other fuels (UV fluorescence)
SH/T 0694 Calculation method for middle distillate fuel cetane index (four variable formula method)
SH/T 0765 Assessment method for diesel fuel lubricity (high frequency reciprocating test method)
SH/T 0806 Determination of aromatics content of middle distillate - Refractive index detector and high performance liquid chromatography
NB/SH/T 0916 Standard test method for determination of biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters) content in diesel fuel oil using mid infrared spectroscopy ASTM D7039 Standard Test Method for Sulfurin Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blendsby
Monochromatic Wave-length Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
3 Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions.
3.1
content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Total aromatic hydrocarbon content in automobile diesel fuels minus the monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content.
4 Product classification
Automobile diesel fuels are divided into six designations according to the solidification Corrosiveness to copper (50 ??C,
3 h)/grade
not more than
1 GB/T 5096
Water contentc (volume
fraction)/%
not more than
Trace GB/T 260
Mechanical admixturesd None GB/T 511
Lubricity
Correction wear mark diameter
(60 ??C)/??m
not more than
460 SH/T 0765
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
contente (mass fraction)/%
not more than
11 SH/T 0806
Kinematic viscosityf
(20 ??C)/(mm2/s) 3.0 ~ 8.0 2.5 ~ 8.0 1.8 ~ 7.0 GB/T 265
Solidification point /??C
not higher than 5 0 -10 -20 -35 -50 GB/T 510
Cold filter point/??C
not higher than 8 4 -5 -14 -29 -44 SH/T 0248
Flash point (closed)/??C
not lower than 60 50 45 GB/T 261
Cetane number
not less than 51 49 47 GB/T 386
Cetane indexg
not less than 46 46 43 SH/T 0694
Distillation.
50 % recovery temperature/??C
not higher than
90 % recovery temper...

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