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GB 1886.327-2021 English PDF (GB1886.327-2021)

GB 1886.327-2021 English PDF (GB1886.327-2021)

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GB 1886.327-2021: National food safety standard - Food additives - Tripotassium orthophosphate
This Standard applies to the food additive tripotassium orthophosphate which is produced with potassium hydroxide (or potassium carbonate) and the food additive phosphoric acid (including wet-process phosphoric acid) as raw materials.
GB 1886.327-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National food safety standard - Food additives -
Tripotassium orthophosphate
ISSUED ON: FEBRUARY 22, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: AUGUST 22, 2021
Issued by: National Health Commission of the People's Republic of
China;
State Administration for Market Regulation.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Molecular formula and relative molecular mass ... 4
3 Technical requirements ... 4
Appendix A Inspection method ... 6
National Food Safety Standard - Food additives -
Tripotassium orthophosphate
1 Scope
This Standard applies to the food additive tripotassium orthophosphate which is produced with potassium hydroxide (or potassium carbonate) and the food additive phosphoric acid (including wet-process phosphoric acid) as raw materials.
2 Molecular formula and relative molecular mass
2.1 Molecular formula
Anhydrate: K3PO4
Hydrate: K3PO4·nH2O
2.2 Relative molecular mass
Anhydrate: 212.26 (according to international relative atomic mass in 2018) 3 Technical requirements
3.1 Sensory requirements
Sensory requirements shall be in accordance with Table 1.
3.2 Physical and chemical indicators
Physical and chemical indicators shall be in accordance with Table 2.
Appendix A
Inspection method
WARNING: Some reagents which are used in this test method are toxic or
corrosive, so, be careful when operating! If necessary, perform it in a fume hood. If it splashes on the skin or eyes, use water to rinse immediately; if it is serious, seek medical attention immediately.
A.1 General provisions
The reagents and water that are used in this Standard, when no other
requirements are specified, refer to analytical reagents and grade-III water which is specified in GB/T 6682. The standard titration solution, the standard solutions, preparations and products for impurity determination, which are used in the test, are all prepared in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 601, GB/T 602, and GB/T 603, when no other requirements are specified. The used
solution, if not indicated which solvent is used, refers to aqueous solution. A.2 Identification test
A.2.1 Reagents and materials
A.2.1.1 Hydrochloric acid.
A.2.1.2 Ethanol
A.2.1.3 Acetic acid solution: 1+1.
A.2.1.4 Ammonia solution: 2+3.
A.2.1.5 Silver nitrate solution: 17 g/L.
A.2.1.6 Sodium hydrogen tartrate solution: 100 g/L.
A.2.1.7 Platinum wire ring.
A.2.2 Identification method
A.2.2.1 Potassium ion identification
Weigh 1 g of the sample; add 20 mL of water to dissolve it; use a platinum wire ring dipped in hydrochloric acid to wet it; burn to colorless on the flame. Then, dip the test solution and burn it on the flame. The flame shall be purple under the cobalt glass.
acid standard titration solution consumed by the sample. To prevent the solution from absorbing carbon dioxide from the air, continue to use the sodium
hydroxide standard titration solution to titrate the solution to a pH of about 8.8, where a sudden jump point appears; record the volume V2 of the sodium
hydroxide standard titration solution consumed in this titration (that is, the volume of sodium hydroxide standard titration solution consumed in titration from pH ≈ 4.0 to pH ≈ 8.8).
A.3.5 Result calculation
The volume V1 of the hydrochloric acid standard titration solution consumed by the sample solution, in milliliter (mL), is calculated according to Formula (A.1). Where:
50 – volume of the added hydrochloric acid standard titration solution, in milliliters (mL);
c1 – concentration of the hydrochloric acid standard titration solution, in moles per liter (mol/L);
V – volume of the sodium hydroxide standard titration solution that is consumed when it is titrated with sodium hydroxide standard titration solution to pH ≈ 4.0, after the sample solution is added with 50 mL of hydrochloric acid standard titration solution, in milliliters (mL);
c2 – concentration of the sodium hydroxide standard titration solution, in moles per liter (mol/L);
When V1 × c1 ≥ 2 × V2 × c2, the mass fraction w1 of tripotassium orthophosphate (calculated on the burning dry basis) is calculated according to Formula (A.2). When V1 × c1 < 2 × V2 × c2, the mass fraction w1 of tripotassium orthophosphate (calculated on the burning dry basis) is calculated according to Formula (A.3). Where:
V2 – volume of the sodium hydroxide standard titration solution that is consumed from pH ≈ 4.0 to pH ≈ 8.8, in milliliters (mL);
The test result is based on the arithmetic mean of the parallel determination results. The absolute difference between two independent determination results that are obtained under repeatability conditions is: not more than 0.01% for anhydrous tripotassium orthophosphate; not more than 0.1% for hydrated
tripotassium orthophosphate.
A.5 Determination of water insoluble matter
A.5.1 Instruments and apparatuses
A.5.1.1 Sintered-glass filter crucible: The aperture of the filter plate is 5 μm ~ 15 μm.
A.5.1.2 Electrothermal constant-temperature dry box: The temperature control range is 105 °C ± 2 °C.
A.5.2 Analysis steps
Weigh about 20 g of the sample, accurate to 0.01 g; place it in a 400 mL beaker; add 200 mL of water and heat to dissolve; use a sintered-glass filter crucible that has been dried to a constant mass at 105 °C ± 2 °C in advance for suction filtration; use hot water to wash, until the filtrate is neutral. Place the sintered- glass filter crucible in an electrothermal constant-temperature dry box at 105 °C ± 2 °C to dry until the mass is constant.
A.5.3 Result calculation
Calculate the mass fraction w3 of the water insoluble matter according to Formula (A.5).
Where:
m5 – mass of the water insoluble matter and the sintered-glass filter crucible, in grams (g);
m4 – mass of the sintered-glass filter crucible, in grams (g);
m3 – sample mass, in grams (g).
The test result is based on the arithmetic mean of the parallel determination results. The absolute difference between two independent determination results that are obtained under repeatability conditions is not more than 0.02%. A.6 Determination of pH (10 g/L aqueous solution)
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