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GB 18599-2001 English PDF (GB18599-2001)

GB 18599-2001 English PDF (GB18599-2001)

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GB 18599-2001: [Including 2013XG1] Standard for pollution control on the storage and disposal site for general industrial solid wastes

This Standard specifies the site selection, design, operation management, closure and site-sealing, as well as the pollution control and monitoring requirements for the storage and disposal site of general industrial solid wastes. This Standard is applicable to the construction, operation and supervision of the general industrial solid waste storage and disposal site that has been built, expanded, rebuilt and put into operation; it is not applicable to the hazardous waste and domestic waste landfills.
GB 18599-2001
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.030.10
Z 70
Standard for Pollution Control on the Storage and
Disposal Site for General Industrial Solid Wastes
[Including Modification List 2013XG1]
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 28, 2001
IMPLEMENTED ON. JULY 01, 2002
Issued by. State Environmental Protection Bureau;
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine.
Table of Contents
Foreword . 3
1 Subject Content and Scope of Application . 4
2 Normative References .. 4
3 Definitions . 5
4 Type of Storage and Disposal Site . 6
5 Environmental Protection Requirements for Site Selection . 6
6 Environmental Protection Requirements for the Design of Storage and
Disposal Site . 7
7 Environmental Protection Requirements for Operation and Management of Storage and Disposal Site . 8
8 Environmental Protection Requirements for Closure and Site-Sealing . 9 9 Pollutant Control and Monitoring .. 10
10 Implementation and Supervision of Standard . 12
Modification List (2013XG1) . 13
Foreword
This Standard is formulated for the purpose of implementing the Law of the PEOPLE Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environment Pollution Caused by Solid Wastes; and preventing the secondary pollution on the storage and disposal site of the general industrial solid wastes.
This Standard specifies the site selection, design, operation management, closure and site-sealing, as well as the pollution control and monitoring requirements for the storage and disposal site of the general industrial solid wastes.
This Standard is first-time published.
This Standard was proposed by the Department of Science and Technology and Standard of the State Environmental Protection Administration.
This Standard was drafted by the Maanshan Mine Research Institute of the former Ministry of Metallurgy.
This Standard was the one issued by State Environmental Protection Bureau on November 26, 2011.
This Standard is interpreted by the State Environmental Protection Bureau. Standard for Pollution Control on the Storage and
Disposal Site for General Industrial Solid Wastes
1 Subject Content and Scope of Application
1.1 Subject content
This Standard specifies the site selection, design, operation management, closure and site-sealing, as well as the pollution control and monitoring requirements for the storage and disposal site of general industrial solid wastes.
1.2 Scope of application
This Standard is applicable to the construction, operation and supervision of the general industrial solid waste storage and disposal site that has been built, expanded, rebuilt and put into operation; it is not applicable to the hazardous waste and domestic waste landfills.
2 Normative References
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this Standard, constitute provisions of this Standard; they are equivalently effective with this Standard. GB 5085.1~2 Identification Standard for Hazardous Wastes
GB 8978 Integrated Wastewater Discharge Standard
GB 16297 Comprehensive Emission Standard of Air Pollutants
GB/T 14848 Standard for Groundwater Quality
HJ/T 20 Technical Specifications on Sampling and Sample Preparation from Industry Solid Waste
GB 5086.1~2 Test Method Standard for Leaching Toxicity of Solid Wastes
GB/T 15555.1~12 Test Method for Leaching Toxicity of Solid Wastes
GB 5750 Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water
GB 15562.2 Graphical Signs for Environmental Protection Solid Waste Storage (Disposal) Site
liquid penetration inside and outside of the storage and disposal site. 4 Type of Storage and Disposal Site
The storage and disposal site can be divided into Type-I and Type-II.
The storage and disposal site for stacking Class-I general industrial solid waste is the first type, referred to as Type-I site.
The storage and disposal site for stacking Class-II general industrial solid waste is the second type, referred to as Type-II site.
5 Environmental Protection Requirements for Site
Selection
5.1 Common requirements for Type-I and Type-II sites.
5.1.1 The selected site shall meet the requirements of the overall local urban and rural construction plan.
5.1.2 It shall be selected in the leeward side of the dominate wind direction of the industrial zone and residential concentration area; the site boundary shall be 500m beyond the residential concentration area.
5.1.3 It shall be selected on the foundation that meets the bearing capacity requirements, so that avoid the influence of foundation subsidence, especially the uneven or local subsidence.
5.1.4 It shall keep away from fault, fault fracture zone, cavern zone, and areas affected by natural landslides or debris flows.
5.1.5 It is forbidden to be located in the beaches or floodplains below the highest water level of rivers, lakes and reservoirs.
5.1.6 It is forbidden to be located in the nature reserves, scenic spots and other areas that require special protection.
5.2 Other requirements for Type-I site
Discarded mining pits and subsidence areas shall be preferred.
5.3 Other requirements for Type-II site
5.3.1 it shall keep away from the main recharge area of the groundwater and the 1.0??10-7cm/s, the natural or artificial materials shall be adopted to construct the anti- seepage layer; the thickness of anti-seepage layer shall be equivalent to the anti- seepage performance of the clay layer with permeability coefficient of 1.0??10-7cm/s and thickness of 1.5m.
6.2.2 If necessary, leachate treatment facilities shall be designed to treat the leachate. 6.2.3 In order to monitor the pollution of leachate on the groundwater, at least three groundwater quality monitoring wells shall be installed around the storage and disposal site. The first well shall be arranged along the groundwater flow and located in the upstream of the storage and disposal site, as a control well; the second well shall be arranged along the groundwater flow and located in the downstream of the storage and disposal site, as a pollution supervision and monitoring well; while the third well shall be located in the storage and disposal site where the diffusion is most likely to occur, as a pollution spread monitoring well.
When the geologic and hydrogeological data indicate that the aquifer is buried deep, and the groundwater is proved to be polluted impossibly, then the groundwater quality monitoring well may not be arranged.
7 Environmental Protection Requirements for
Operation and Management of Storage and Disposal
Site
7.1 Common requirements for Type-I and Type-II sites
7.1.1 On the completion of the storage and disposal site, it can only be put into operation or use after being inspected and approved by the environmental protection administrative department, which originally audits the environmental impact assessment report (form).
7.1.2 The storage and disposal site for general industrial solid waste is prohibited to mix the hazardous waste and domestic garbage.
7.1.3 The leachate in the storage and disposal site can be discharged after the water quality reaches the GB 8978 standard; the atmospheric pollutants shall be emitted when meeting the requirements of unorganized emission of GB 16297.
7.1.4 The use organization of the storage and disposal site shall establish an inspection and maintenance system. Regularly inspect and maintain the dikes, dams, retaining walls, and diversion channels, etc.; if finding any damages or abnormalities, immediately take necessary measures to ensure the normal operation.
8.1.2 When closing or sealing the site, the surface slope shall not generally exceed 33%. For each elevation of 3m~5m, a step is required. The step shall have the width of no less than 1m, slope of 2%~3%, and the strength to withstand the heavy rain. 8.1.3 After the closing or sealing of the site, it still needs to further maintenance and management till it is stable. In order to prevent the subsidence and cracks of the overburden layer; resulting in the increase of leachate; and prevent the unstable stacking of the general industrial solid waste and causing the landslide and the like. 8.1.4 After the closing and sealing of the site, provide a marker indicating the time for closure and site-sealing, as well as the precautions of using such soil. 8.2 Other requirements for Type-I site
In order to facilitate the restoration of the vegetation, the site surface shall be generally covered a layer of natural soil during the closure period; the thickness of which depends on the granularity of the solid waste and the type of the vegetation to be planted.
8.3 Other requirements for Type-II site
8.3.1 In order to prevent the direct exposure of the solid waste and the infiltration of rainwater into the pile body, the surface shall be covered two-layer of soil during the site-sealing; the first layer is the barrier layer covering 20cm~45cm thick clay and compacting to prevent the rainwater penetrating into the pile body of the solid waste; the second layer is cover layer covering the natural soil, to facilitate the growth of plant; the thickness of it depends on the type of plant.
8.3.2 After the site-sealing, the monitoring system of the leachate and its treated and discharged water shall continue to operate normally until the water quality is stable. The groundwater monitoring system shall continue to operate normally.
9 Pollutant Control and Monitoring
9.1 Pollution control item
9.1.1 Leachate and the discharged water after treatment
The characteristic components of the general industrial solid waste shall be selected as the control item.
9.1.2 Groundwater
Before the storage and disposal site is put into use, take the project specified in GB/T 14848 as the control item, as well as the control item during the use period and after

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