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GB 18565-2016 English PDF (GB18565-2016)

GB 18565-2016 English PDF (GB18565-2016)

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GB 18565-2016: Composite performance requirement and detecting methods for road transport vehicles

This standard specifies the technical requirements for application in road transport vehicles and road transport vehicles in use, as well as test methods of road transport vehicles. This standard applies to vehicles that are application in road transport vehicles and vehicles that are engaged in road transport operations, AND the vehicles engaged in road transport related business such as driver training may make reference to this standard.
GB 18565-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 03.220.20
R 16
Replacing GB 18565-2001
Composite performance requirement and
detecting methods for road transport vehicles
ISSUED ON. JUNE 14, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 01, 2017
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 7
1 Scope ... 9
2 Normative references ... 9
3 Terms and definitions ... 11
4 Technical requirements for application in road transport vehicles ... 13 5 Technical requirements for road transport vehicles in use ... 20
6 Test method of road transport vehicle in use ... 36
7 Judgment and treatment of the test results of road transport vehicles in use ... 69
8 Transition period requirements for standard implementation ... 70
Appendix A (Normative) Road transport vehicle manual inspection record
sheet ... 72
Appendix B (Normative) Road transport vehicle performance test record sheet ... 77
Appendix C (Normative) Road transport vehicle comprehensive performance test report sheet ... 86
Foreword
The clause 5.1.3.1.1, 5.1.3.1.3, 5.1.3.2, 5.1.4.1.5, 5.1.6.2.2, 5.1.6.6.3, 5.1.7.1 to 5.1.7.3, 5.1.10.1.4 , 5.1.10.1.5, 5.1.10.2.1, 5.1.10.2.4, 5.1.11.2, 5.1.11.5, 5.1.12.4, 5.3.1.2, the vertical offset of the beam and the horizontal offset of the beam in Table 6, and the clause 5.3. 2 are recommended, AND the rest is mandatory.
This standard is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This standard replaces GB 18565-2001 ?€?Multiple performance requirement
and detecting methods for commercial vehicles?€?.
As compared with GB 18565-2001, in addition to editorial changes, the main technical changes of this standard are as follows.
- CHANGE the standard name (SEE cover; cover of 2001 version);
- ADJUST the whole structure;
- ADD the ?€?Introduction?€? (SEE the ?€?Introduction?€? part);
- MODIFY the ?€?Scope?€? statement; ADD the suitability descriptions of the vehicle type (SEE Chapter 1; Chapter 1 of 2001 version);
- ADD and DELETE some normative references (SEE Chapter 2; Chapter 2
of 2001 version);
- ADD the terms and definitions of ?€?application in road transport vehicles?€? (SEE Chapter 3);
- ADD such performance requirements for the application in road transport vehicles as ?€?Structural requirements?€?, ?€?Configuration requirements?€?, ?€?Fire proof requirements?€?, ?€?Power?€?, ?€?Fuel economy?€?, ?€?Braking?€?, ?€?Emission?€?, and ?€?Driving stability?€?, etc. (SEE Chapter 4);
- Respectively PROPOSE the non-quantitative requirements and
quantification requirements for vehicles in use in the ?€?basic requirements?€?, ?€?performance requirements?€?, and ?€?other requirements?€? (SEE 5.1, 5.2, 5.3); - In the ?€?basic requirements?€?, ADD such requirements as ?€?uniqueness
certification?€? and ?€?electronic control system?€?, etc. (SEE 5.1.1, 5.1.2); - DELETE such requirements as the ?€?cylinder compression pressure?€? and
?€?the components of the engine ignition, fuel supply, lubrication, cooling and exhaust systems shall be complete?€?, etc. (4.1 of 2001 version);
- DELETE such requirements as ?€?the technical conditions of the vehicle
body and the cab shall be such as able to ensure the driver have normal working conditions and passenger and cargo safety?€?, the structural size of ?€?safety exit?€?, ?€?sleeper bus sleeper layout?€?, ?€?aisle width?€?, ?€?passenger door first step height?€?, and ?€?fender?€?, etc. (SEE 11.8.1,11.8.9,11.8.12 ~ 11.8.15, etc. of 2001 version);
- ADD the evaluation indicators of the power of the vehicles in use (SEE 5.2.1);
- MODIFY the fuel consumption limit of the vehicles in use (SEE 5.2.2;
Chapter 4 and 12.2 of 2001 version);
- ADD the requirements for the braking system of the vehicles in use and the braking performance of category O3 and O4 trailers and semi-trailers (SEE 5.2.3);
- MODIFY the requirements for the limit of the emission pollutants of the ignition engine of the vehicles in use and the emission visible pollutants of the compression-ignition engine vehicles; ADD the requirements of ignition engine using the sample working condition method and the
compression-ignition engine using the load deceleration method (SEE
5.2.4; 9.1 and 12.7 of 2001 version);
- DELETE the requirements for the ?€?gasoline vehicle fuel evaporation
pollutant emission control?€? and ?€?vehicle stationary noise?€? (SEE 9.1.3 and 9.2.1 of 2001 version);
- ADD the requirements for the ?€?lateral slip of the steering wheel?€? of the double steering axle of the vehicles in use (SEE 5.2.5.1);
- MODIFY the evaluation indicators of the ?€?wheel retardation rate?€? of the vehicles in use (SEE 5.3.3; 6.13.1.5 of 2001 version);
- ADD and MODIFY the test methods of the basic requirements and the
performance requirements of the vehicles in use (SEE Chapter 6);
- MODIFY the test methods of the ?€?power?€?, ?€?fuel consumption?€?, and ?€?braking performance?€? of the vehicles in use (SEE 6.5, 6.6 and 6.7, etc.);
- DELETE the methods of evaluating the ?€?suspension characteristics?€? using a flat-type braking test-bed (SEE 7.6.2 of 2001 version);
- ADD the ?€?judgment and treatment of the test results of the road vehicles in use?€? (SEE Chapter 7);
Introduction
Road transport vehicles have distinctive characteristics and features, AND their operating intensity, operating mileage, and failure frequency are much higher than the ordinary social vehicles. In all kinds of traffic accidents, the road transport vehicles constitute the main road traffic accidents, in addition to drivers, roads and climatic conditions and other factors, the vehicle's mechanical failure and technical performance badness are the important
causes for the serious road traffic accidents.
Road transport safety is not only the top priority of safety production, but also the top priority of traffic safety management, the ?€?comprehensive prevention of traffic accidents, to build a safe and harmonious road traffic environment?€? have been highly focused by the government and industry managers, AND the
?€?safety, energy conservation, and environmental protection?€? has become a focus of the whole society. From the factors affecting the road transport safety such as ?€?people, vehicle, road and environment?€?, the safeguarding effects of the vehicle?€?s technical conditions are more and more prominent. The effective maintaining the vehicle?€?s technical conditions, reducing the occurrence of safety accidents, minimizing the occurrence of serious accidents, reducing vehicle fuel consumption, and reducing tailgas emissions are urgent for the technical management of the road transport vehicles under the new situations of safe development, green development and fast development of the road transport industry in China.
National standard ?€?Multiple performance requirement and detecting methods for commercial vehicles?€? (hereinafter referred to as ?€?GB 18565-2001?€?) is an important technical regulation and main technical basis for the technical management and performance maintenance of the road transport vehicles in China. From the date of implementation of this standard, it plays an important role in such aspects as improving the road transport vehicle performance level and safeguarding the road traffic safety, etc. Meanwhile, in the implementation process of GB 18565-2001, some new situations and problems appear, AND
many standard users propose the modification opinions and suggestions.
Therefore, it is necessary to appropriately revise GB 18565-2001. The
contents as specified in the revised GB 18565 are not only the comprehensive performance requirements of the road transport vehicles in use, but also the basic technical conditions to be complied with by the application of the road transport vehicles. This revision pays more attention to the development characteristics of the road traffic industry, combines closely with the recently issued relevant policies, laws and regulations, and new technologies, makes important adjustment against the standard structure, appropriately makes necessary addition and deletion of some technical clauses, modifies, improves Composite performance requirement and
detecting methods for road transport vehicles
1 Scope
This standard specifies the technical requirements for application in road transport vehicles and road transport vehicles in use, as well as test methods of road transport vehicles.
This standard applies to vehicles that are application in road transport vehicles and vehicles that are engaged in road transport operations, AND the vehicles engaged in road transport related business such as driver training may make reference to this standard.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application o...

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