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GB 16807-2009 English PDF (GB16807-2009)

GB 16807-2009 English PDF (GB16807-2009)

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GB 16807-2009: Fire intumescent seals

This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, basic structure, classification, code and model, specifications, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marks, packaging, transport and storage for fire intumescent seals. This Standard is applicable to fire intumescent seals with fire sealing function used for fire doors, fire windows, fire shutters, fire dampers, fire glass partitions and other architectural components. The fire intumescent seals in vehicles, boats, and aircraft can use as reference.
GB 16807-2009
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.220.50
C 84
Replacing GB 16807-1997
Fire intumescent seals
ISSUED ON. MARCH 11, 2009
IMPLEMENTED ON. NOVEMBER 1, 2009
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration Committee.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Basic structure ... 6
5 Classification, code and model, specifications ... 6
6 Requirements ... 7
7 Test methods ... 10
8 Inspection rules ... 14
9 Marks, packaging, transport and storage ... 15
Foreword
Clause 6 and Clause 8 of this Standard are mandatory. The rest are
recommendatory.
This Standard replaces GB 16807-1997 "Fire intumescent seals".
Compared with GB 16807-1997, the main changes in this Standard are as
follows.
- modified the classification method of structure type, from Type A, Type B, Type C of the previous edition to Type A, Type B of this Standard (4.1 of Edition 1997; 5.1 of this Edition);
- modified the requirements and test methods for "swelling performance" (6.3, 7.3 of Edition 1997; 6.3, 7.3 of this Edition);
- added the requirements and test methods for "toxicity of smoke
generation", "smoke density", "air aging resistance", "cyclizing resistance to freezing and thawing" (see 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.10, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, 7.10 of this Edition);
- modified the performance requirements and test methods for "water
resistance", "acid resistance", "alkali resistance" (6.5.1, 6.5.2, 6.5.3 of Edition 1997; 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 7.7, 7.8, 7.9 of this Edition);
- modified "anti-smoking performance" to "fireproof sealing performance", and improved corresponding performance requirements and test methods
(6.6, 7.8 of Edition 1997; 6.11, 7.11 of this Edition);
- deleted the requirements such as "initial expansion temperature", "bulk expansion temperature", "linear expansion ratio", "high temperature
resistance and combustion performance", "physical and mechanical
properties" and test methods in the previous edition.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this Standard may be the subject of patent rights. The issuing authority shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This Standard was proposed by Ministry of Public Security of PRC.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of Eighth Technical Committee of National Technical Committee on Firefighting of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 113/SC8).
Main drafting organizations of this Standard. Ministry of Public Security Tianjin Fire Research Institute, Shishi Tianhong Metal Products Co., Ltd., Shenzhen Fire intumescent seals
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, basic structure, classification, code and model, specifications, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marks, packaging, transport and storage for fire intumescent seals.
This Standard is applicable to fire intumescent seals with fire sealing function used for fire doors, fire windows, fire shutters, fire dampers, fire glass partitions and other architectural components. The fire intumescent seals in vehicles, boats, and aircraft can use as reference.
2 Normative references
The following standards contain the provisions which, through reference in this Standard, constitute the provisions of this Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Standard. However, the parties who enter into agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to investigate whether the latest versions of these documents are applicable. For undated reference documents, the latest
versions apply to this Standard.
GB 6388, Transport package shipping mark
GB/T 7633, Fire resistance tests - Door and shutter assemblies (GB/T 7633- 2008, ISO 3008.2007, Fire resistance tests - Door and shutter assemblies, MOD)
GB/T 8627, Test method for density of smoke from the burning or
decomposition of building materials
GB 12955-2008, Fire-resistant door sets
GB 14907-2002, Fire resistive coating for steel structure
GB 20285-2006, Toxic classification of fire effluents hazard for materials 3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 6.8 Acid resistance
6.8.1 The intumescent components of fire intumescent seals shall be subject to the acid resistance test according to 7.8. After the test, the fire intumescent seals shall have no obvious dissolution, swelling, powdering, falling off, etc. 6.8.2 After the acid resistance test, the rate of change in the mass of fire intumescent seals shall not exceed 5%.
6.8.3 The expansion ratio of the intumescent component after acid resistance test shall not be less than the initial expansion rate .
6.9 Alkali resistance
6.9.1 Perform alkali resistance test according to the method specified in 7.9. After the test, the fire intumescent seals shall have no obvious dissolution, swelling, powdering, falling off, etc.
6.9.2 After the alkali resistance test, the mass change rate of the intumescent component shall be no more than 5%.
6.9.3 The expansion ratio of the intumescent component after alkali
resistance test shall not be less than the initial expansion rate .
6.10 Freeze-thaw cycle resistance
6.10.1 Perform the freeze-thaw cycle resistance test according to the method specified in 7.10. After the test, observe the intumescent component and press the surface of the intumescent component with a glass rod, there shall be no obvious powdering, shedding phenomenon.
6.10.2 The expansion ratio of the intumescent component after freeze-thaw cycle resistance test shall not be less than the initial expansion rate . 6.11 Fire sealing performance
The fire intumescent seals for fire doors shall be installed on fire doors according to the installation methods specified in their instructions on use. Perform the test according to the method specified in 7.11. The fire-resisting integrity of the fire intumescent seals used in the site shall meet the requirements of GB 7633.
For fire intumescent seals used for other building components or for specific purposes, the test shall be installed in such a way as to reflect their actual applications. The test results shall meet the product standard requirements of the corresponding building components.
water. After soaking, gently rinse with water and observe or dry. The test results shall meet the corresponding requirements of 6.8.
7.9 Alkali resistance test
According to the method specified in 7.7, use 1% sodium hydroxide solution instead of tap water for alkali resistance test. After soaking, gently rinse with water and observe or dry. The test results shall meet the corresponding requirements of 6.9.
7.10 Freeze-thaw cycle resistance test
7.10.1 Randomly extract fire intumescent seals and divide them into three segments of specimens with length (100??5)mm. Perform 15 freeze-thaw cycle tests according to the method specified in 6.4.12 of GB 14907-2002. Observe the surface of the fire intumescent seals and press the surface of the e intumescent component with a glass rod. At least two specimens shall meet the requirements of 6.10.1.
7.10.2 Take one specimen that passes 7.10.1 test. Dry in an electric blast drying oven at (60??5)??C for 24h. Place in the dryer and cool to room
temperature. Remove the decorative layer and other accessories of the
specimen. Determine expansion ratio of intumescent component according to the method specified in 7.3.2.1. Take the average of three tests as the test result, which shall meet the requirements of 6.10.2.
7.11 Fire sealing performance test
7.11.1 Fire doors for test shall use double fire doors with corresponding fire rating. Its external dimensions are not less than (width 1200 ?? height
2100)mm. The thickness of door leaf is not more than 52mm. Before the test, according to the instructions on use of fire intumescent seals, install the fire intumescent seals on the fire door. And adjust the fire door so that the match clearance between the door leaf and the upper door frame is (2.5??0.5)mm, the fit clearance between the door leaves is (2.5??0.5) mm, and the matching gap between other parts of the door leaf and the door frame is not more than 3.0mm. Check the dimensions and geometric tolerances of the used parts of the fire intumescent seals and the necessary hardware accessories, which shall meet the corresponding product standard requirements. Appropriate measures shall be taken in other sites that are not related to the use position of fire intumescent seals to avoid the defects that affect the fireproof performance of fire intumescent seals.
7.11.2 Install fire door on fireproof test furnace. After installation, the fire door shall ensure that the flexibility of opening and closing and the opening force of the door leaf meet the requirements of GB 12955-2008. Perform the fire test according to the method specified in GB/T 7633. The fire-resistance integrity 9 Marks, packaging, transport and storage
9.1 Marks
Each box of products shall be affixed with a product certificate in a prominent position and indicate the following.
a) product name;
b) product model, specifications;
c) trademarks (if any);
d) the standards that the product meets;
e) the name of the manufacturer;
f) address of the manufacturer;
g) contact information of the manufacturer.
9.2 Packaging
The product is suitable for carton packaging. The collection and delivery marks of transport and packaging shall comply with the provisions of GB 6388. The packing list containing the following information shall be accompanied with the product.
a) product certification;
b) packing date;
c) inspector number;
d) seal of quality inspection department .
A mark that is not easy to fall off shall be placed in a prominent position on the outer surface of the package, indicating "Be careful".
9.3 Transport
Avoid collisions during transport. Gently lift and handle during loading and unloading to prevent accidental damage during transport.
9.4 Storage
The product shall be stored in a ventilated, dry warehouse to avoid storage with corrosive materials.

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