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GB 16735-2004 English PDF (GB16735-2004)

GB 16735-2004 English PDF (GB16735-2004)

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GB 16735-2004: Road vehicle -- Vehicle identification number (VIN)

This Standard specifies the content and structure of a Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), so as to establish, on a world-wide basis, a uniform identification numbering system for road vehicles. This Standard also specifies the requirements for the location and marking of the Vehicle Identification Number on vehicles. This Standard applies to the motor vehicles, trailers, motorcycles and mopeds as defined in GB/T 3730.1-2001 and GB/T 5359.1-1996, and other vehicles necessary to have VIN label.
GB 16735-2004
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.020
T 04
Replacing GB/T 16735-1997, GB/T 16736-1997
Road Vehicle - Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
ISSUED ON: JUNE 21, 2004
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 1, 2004
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Content and structure of VIN ... 7
5 Attachment methods and labelling location of VIN ... 11
6 Marking responsibility of vehicle manufacturer ... 12
7 Formulation rules of VIN ... 13
Annex A (Normative) Calculation method for check digit ... 14
Annex B (Informative) Description of vehicle type characteristics ... 16 Road Vehicle - Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the content and structure of a Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), so as to establish, on a world-wide basis, a uniform identification numbering system for road vehicles. This Standard also specifies the requirements for the location and marking of the Vehicle Identification Number on vehicles.
This Standard applies to the motor vehicles, trailers, motorcycles and mopeds as defined in GB/T 3730.1-2001 and GB/T 5359.1-1996, and other vehicles necessary to have VIN label. 2 Normative references
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute the provisions of this Standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision. The parties who agree on this Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below. For the reference documents without date, their newest editions apply to this Standard. GB/T 3730.1-2001 Motor vehicles and trailers - Types - Terms and definitions (ISO 3833:1999, MOD)
GB/T 5359.1-1996 Motorcycles and mopeds - Terms - Vehicle types (neq ISO 3833:1977) GB 16737-2004 Road vehicle - World manufacturer identifier (WMI) code (ISO 3780:1983, MOD)
GB/T 18410-2001 Bar code label of Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this Standard, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
A structured combination of characters that is assigned to a vehicle by the manufacturer for identification purposes.
3.2 World manufacturer identifier (WMI)
The first section of the VIN that designates the manufacturer of the vehicle. The code is 3.11 Year
There are two kinds of year -- one is the calendar year in which the vehicle was produced; the other is the model year which was determined by the manufacturer.
3.12 Model year
The year that is used to designate a discrete vehicle model irrespective of the calendar year in which the vehicle was actually produced, so long as the actual period is less than two calendar years.
3.13 Divider
A symbol, character or physical border that may be used to separate the sections of the VIN or to define the limits (beginning and end) of the VIN. Dividers must not be confused with Arabic numerals or Roman letters.
4 Content and structure of VIN
4.1 Basic content of VIN
The VIN, total of 17 characters, shall consist of three sections -- the world manufacturer identifier (WMI), the vehicle descriptor section (VDS), and the vehicle indicator section (VIS). For the manufacturers who annually produce 500 or more motor vehicles, the first section of VIN shall be the world manufacturer identifier (WMI); the second section is the vehicle descriptor section (VDS); and the last section is the vehicle indicator section (VIS) (see Figure 1).
For the manufacturers who annually produce less than 500 motor vehicles, the first section of VIN shall be the world manufacturer identifier (WMI); the second section shall be the vehicle descriptor section (VDS); the third, fourth and fifth characters of the third section, together with the three characters of the first section, shall make up the WMI, and the remaining five characters of the third section shall be the vehicle indicator section (VIS) (See Figure 2). 4.5 Characters
Only the following Arabic numerals and capital Roman letters shall be used in the VIN: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
A B C D E F G H J K L M N P R S T U V W X Y Z
(The letters I, O and Q shall not be used.)
4.6 Dividers
The selection of the dividers to be used is at the discretion of the manufacturer. However, it shall not be any character used in the VIN (see 4.5) or any character that could be confused with a VIN character, e.g. ???, ???.
5 Attachment methods and labelling location of VIN
5.1 The attachment methods of Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
For the attachment of the VIN, the manufacturer of the vehicle may choose between the following solutions:
5.1.1 The VIN is directly marked on vehicle frame, or for vehicle body with frame, on a structure part of the vehicle not easily removed or replaced.
5.1.2 The VIN is directly marked on number plate which, in turn, is permanently affixed to the structure part of vehicle mentioned in 5.1.1 above.
5.2 The labeling location of Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
5.2.1 Each vehicle shall have its unique Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), located on specified position on vehicle.
5.2.2 The VIN shall be located on the front half of the right side of the vehicle as far as possible, and shall be located on a structure part of the vehicle which is easily visible and precludes obliteration or alteration (except glass). It can also be located on other easily accessible and observable positions if there is a structural limitation exiting.
5.2.3 The VIN shall be meanwhile marked on product number plate (two-wheel motorcycle and moped may be excepted).
5.2.4 For vehicles of category M1 and N1, the VIN shall be meanwhile permanently marked on the dashboard adjacent to the windscreen pillar. Its location shall be such that it can be readable from outside the vehicle without moving any part of the vehicle in the day-time. 5.2.5 The vehicle manufacturer shall indicate the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) at least in one kind of its Owner?€?s Handbook.
5.3 The labeling requirements of Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
5.3.1 The height of VIN characters shall be 7mm at least, and with a depth of at least 0.3mm if it is marked directly on vehicle structure parts. For motorcycle and moped, the height of VIN characters shall be 5mm at least, and with a depth of at least 0.2mm if it is marked directly on vehicle structure parts. For any other cases, the height of VIN characters shall be 4mm at least.
5.3.2 The characters of the VIN shall, in all cases, be legible, durable and not easily altered. 5.3.3 The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) can be marked either in the form of manually readable code or machine-readable bar code. If bar code is applied, it shall meet the requirements in GB/T 18410-2001.
5.3.4 When the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is marked on vehicle or number plate, it shall be shown on one line without using of dividers as far as possible. In special situation, if the VIN must be shown on two lines due to technical reasons, there shall be no blank line in- between, and there shall be a divider at the beginning and ending of each line. 5.3.5 The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) shall be indicated on documents in such a way that there shall be no blanks and no dividers.
6 Marking responsibility of vehicle manufacturer
6.1 Each manufacturer of complete vehicle and/or incomplete vehicle shall be responsible for marking the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) on every vehicle according to the attachment methods and labeling location as specified in this Standard. The marking location and methods of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) shall be described in vehicle Owner Manual.
6.2 The intermediate manufacturer and final-stage manufacturer shall remain the original VIN of the complete vehicle or incomplete vehicle during their products retrofitting, and affix the VIN of the original vehicle to its retrofitted parts and components or its nameplate without any change. Besides, the description of the position and labeling manner of the VIN shall be included in the "Owner's Manual" or equivalent documents with the vehicle. 6.2.1 If the manufacturing operation is carried out on the incomplete vehicle by final-stage manufacturer, the vehicle body components after retrofitting may lead to failure to see the VIN of the original vehicle, and then the final stage manufacturer shall be responsible for labeling the VIN of the original vehicle in the position and manner as specified in this Standard. 6.2.2 If the manufacturing operation is carried out on the incomplete vehicle without complete- cab by final-stage manufacturer, and if the retrofitted vehicle belongs to the vehicles of category M1 and N1, then, the final stage manufacturer shall be responsible for labeling the VIN of the original vehicle in the position and manner as specified in this Standard. B.2.1 Vehicle body type
It can be described on the aspects such as vehicle body appearance, cab type, cargo body type, and loading methods. The vehicle body appearance can be classified as normal control, forward control without head, forward control with short head, double deck, N compartments and N doors. The cab type can be classified as forward control cab, normal control cab, tilt cab, cab with single row seat, cab with double row seat, cab with bed, etc. The cargo body type can be classified as flat cargo deck, cargo deck with gate, van, tanker, box/stake, tipper, container, vehicle transport, special structure, etc. The loading methods can be classified as full monocoque body, semi-monocoque body, and body-chassis frame construction. B.2.2 Propulsion type
It can be described on the aspects of propulsion methods and propulsion type. The propulsion methods can be classified as front wheel drive, rear wheel drive and full wheel drive. The propulsion types can be classified as 4??2, 4??4, 6??2, 6??4, 6??6, 8??4, etc. B.3 Vehicle equipment characteristics
B.3.1 Engine characteristics
For automobile, the engine can be described on the aspects such as engine types, engine displacement (L) or power (kW), cylinder number, fuel type, fuel feeding methods, engine arrangement methods and layout.
For motorcycle and moped, the engine can be described on the aspects such as engine types, cylinder number, stroke, engine arrangement methods and layout, cooling methods. B.3.2 Restraint system type
It can be described on the aspects such as whether the vehicle is equipped with safety belt, air bag (front air bag on driver?€?s side, front air bag on passenger side, and side air bags). B.3.3 Transmission type
It can be described on the aspects such as transmission type and gear number. B.3.4 Suspension type
It can be classified according to related standards.
B.3.5 Brake type
For automobile, it can be classified according to GB/T 5620-2002: Road vehicle-Brake for automobile and trailer-Terms and definitions (idt ISO 611:1994)
B.3.6 Drive / Start methods

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