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GB 14936-2012 English PDF (GB14936-2012)

GB 14936-2012 English PDF (GB14936-2012)

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GB 14936-2012: National Food Safety Standard -- Food Additives -- Diatomaceous Earth

This Standard is applicable to the food additives diatomaceous earth of diatomaceous earth dry products, pickling products, roasting products, fluxing roasting products prepared by processes such as drying, roasting, pickling, classification and with natural diatomaceous earth as raw materials.
GB 14936-2012
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National Food Safety Standard -
Food Additives - Diatomaceous Earth
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ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 25, 2012
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 25, 2013
Issued by: Ministry of Health of the PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Technical requirements ... 4
Appendix A Inspection methods ... 5
National Food Safety Standard -
Food Additives - Diatomaceous Earth
1 Scope
This Standard is applicable to the food additives diatomaceous earth of diatomaceous earth dry products, pickling products, roasting products, fluxing roasting products prepared by processes such as drying, roasting, pickling, classification and with natural diatomaceous earth as raw materials.
2 Technical requirements
2.1 Sensory requirements: It shall meet the requirements of Table 1.
Table 1 -- Sensory requirements
Appendix A
Inspection methods
A.1 Warning
Some of the reagents used in the inspection methods of this Standard are toxic or corrosive. During operation, it shall take appropriate safety and protective measures.
A.2 General
The reagents and water used in this Standard, when no other requirements are specified, refer to the analytical reagents and the Grade 3 water specified in GB/T 6682-2008. Standard solutions, preparations, and products for the
determination of impurities used in the test, when no other requirements are specified, shall be prepared in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 602 and GB/T 603. The solution used, when no solvent is specified, refers to the aqueous solution.
A.3 Identification test
A.3.1 Instrument and equipment
Microscope: 10 times or more than 10 times (objective lens) ??10 (eyepiece). A.3.2 Identification method
DROP 1 drop of water on the slide; then ADD a small amount of the sample; COVER with a cover glass; observe under a microscope. A typical diatom
shape may be observed.
A.4 Determination of arsenic (As)
A.4.1 Preparation of sample solution A
WEIGH 10.00 g??0.01 g of the sample; PLACE it in a 250 mL beaker; ADD 50 mL of hydrochloric acid solution; USE a glass watch glass to cover the beaker; HEAT at 70 ??C for 15 min. COOL; USE a slow qualitative filter paper to filter the supernatant into a 100 mL volumetric flask. USE three portions of 10 mL of hot water to wash the filter pulp; USE 15 mL of hot water to wash the filter paper. USE water to dilute to the mark; SHAKE well. Retain this sample solution A, for use in A.5, determination of lead.
solution and mix. USE 20 mL of trichloromethane to extract twice respectively; COLLECT the extracts in a 50 mL beaker; evaporate in a steam bath to dryness (This must be done in a fume hood); ADD 3 mL of nitric acid to the residue; continue to evaporate to near dryness. ADD 0.5 mL of nitric acid and 10 mL of water; HEAT to a solution volume of approximately 3 mL~5 mL. TRANSFER to a 10 mL volumetric flask; USE water to dilute to the mark; SHAKE well.
A.5.3.3 Preparation of standard solution
PIPETTE 1.00 mL of lead standard solution into a 150 mL beaker; ADD 30 mL of water; ADD 1 mL of hydrochloric acid. HEAT to boil for a few minutes; COOL; DILUTE to 100 mL. USE sodium hydroxide solution to adjust the pH of solution to 1.0~1.5 (USE precision test paper with pH 0.5~5.0 to detect). The
subsequent procedure is the same as that in A.5.3.2 ?€?TRANSFER this solution to a 250 mL separating funnel?€?TRANSFER to a 10 mL volumetric flask; USE water to dilute to the mark; SHAKE well?€?.
A.5.3.4 Determination
USE an air-acetylene flame; at a wavelength of 283.3 nm, USE water to set to zero; determine the absorbance of sample solution B. The absorbance of
sample solution B shall not exceed that of the standard solution.
A.6 Determination of loss on drying
A.6.1 Instrument and equipment
A.6.1.1 Weighing bottle: ??40 mm??25 mm.
A.6.1.2 Electrothermal constant-temperature drying oven: The temperature may be controlled at 105 ??C??2 ??C.
A.6.2 Analytical procedures
WEIGH approximately 2 g of sample, accurate to 0.0002 g; PLACE it in a
weighing bottle which has been previously dried at 105 ??C??2 ??C to a constant mass. DRY in an electrothermal constant-temperature drying oven at
105 ??C??2 ??C for 2 h; TAKE out; COOL to room temperature and weigh. This is sample A, for use in A.7 determination of loss on ignition and A.8 determination of non-silicon substance.
A.6.3 Result calculation
The mass fraction w1 of loss on drying is calculated according to the formula (A.1):

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