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GB 14102-2005 English PDF (GB14102-2005)

GB 14102-2005 English PDF (GB14102-2005)

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GB 14102-2005: Fire resistant shutter

This standard specifies definitions, classifications, requirements, test methods and inspection rules as well as marking, packing, transportation and storage of fire resistant shutter. This standard is applicable to smoke-proof fire resistant shutters in industrial and civil buildings. Inorganic fiber composite fire resistant shutter specified in this standard is only applicable to indoor well-ventilated dry place.
GB 14102-2005
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.220.20
C 82
Replacing GB 14102-1993
Fire Resistant Shutter
????????????
ISSUED ON: APRIL 22, 2005
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 1, 2005
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative References ... 6
3 Terms and Definitions ... 7
4 Structural Diagram, Name Symbols and Codes ... 8
5 Classification ... 9
6 Requirements ... 11
7 Test Methods ... 18
8 Inspection Rules ... 26
9 Marking, Packing, Transportation and Storage ... 28
Appendix A (Normative) Requirements and Test Methods for Door Roller of Fire Resistant Shutter ... 30
Appendix B (Normative) Requirements and Test Methods for Control Box of Fire Resistant Shutter ... 36
Fire Resistant Shutter
1 Scope
This standard specifies definitions, classifications, requirements, test methods and inspection rules as well as marking, packing, transportation and storage of fire resistant shutter.
This standard is applicable to smoke-proof fire resistant shutters in industrial and civil buildings.
Inorganic fiber composite fire resistant shutter specified in this standard is only applicable to indoor well-ventilated dry place.
2 Normative References
The following standards contain provisions which, by reference in this text, constitute provisions of this national standard. For dated reference, subsequent amendments (excluding amending errors) to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, all parties coming to an agreement according to this standard are encouraged to study whether the latest editions of these documents are applicable. For any undated references, the latest editions of the documents referred to apply. GB/T 1243 Short Pitch Transmission Precision Roller Chains and Chain Wheels (GB/T 1243-1997, eqv ISO 606: 1994)
GB/T 2828.1 Sampling Procedures for Inspection by Attributes - Part 1: Sampling Schemes Indexed by Acceptance Quality Limit (AQL) for Lot-by-lot Inspection (GB/T 2828.1-2003, ISO 2859-1:1999, IDT)
GB/T 3923.1 Textiles - Tensile Properties of Fabrics - Part 1: Determination of Breaking Force and Elongation at Breaking Force - Strip Method (GB/T 3923.1-1997, neq ISO/DIS 13934-1:1994)
GB 4717-1993 General Technical Conditions for Fire Alarm Control Units
GB/T 5454 Textiles - Burning behavior - Oxygen Index Method (GB/T 5454-1997, neq ISO 4589:1984)
GB/T 5455 Textiles - Burning Behavior - Vertical Method
GB/T 5464 Non-combustibility Test Method of Building Materials (GB/T 5464-1999, idt ISO 1182:1990)
GB/T 7633 Fire Resistance Tests - Door and Shutter Assemblies (GB/T 7633-1987, eqv ISO 3008:1976)
GB 8624-1997 Classification for Burning Behavior of Building Materials and Products
GB 9969.1 General Principles for Preparation of Instructions for Use of Industrial Products
GB/T 14436 General Principles of Industrial Product Guarantee Documents GB 15930-1995 Fire Dampers - Tests
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purpose of this standard, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1
Steel fire resistant shutter
A kind of shutter, consisted of curtain plate, guide rail, riser plate, lintel, box that are all made of steel materials as well as matched door roller and control box, which meets requirements on fire integrity
3.2
Inorganic fiber composite fire resistant shutter
A kind of shutter, consisted of curtain surface (with stainless steel wire or stainless wire rope matched inside) made of inorganic fiber materials and clamp plate, guide rail, riser plate, lintel and box that are all made of steel materials as well as matched door roller and control box, which meets requirements on fire integrity 3.3
Special type fire resistant shutter
A kind of shutter, consisted of curtain surface made of inorganic fiber materials or steel materials and guide rail, riser plate, clamp plate, lintel and box that are all made 6 Requirements
6.1 Appearance quality
6.1.1 Surface of metal parts of fire resistant shutter shall be free from crack, indentation and obvious concave-convex, hammered mark, bur, missing hole and other defects, and shall be evenly coated and plated for rust prevention; and shall be free from peeling and flowing.
6.1.2 Inorganic fiber composite curtain surface of fire resistant shutter shall be free from crack, broken corner, remedy, hole, inclination, jumper, breakage, visible unevenness in density of wrap and weft, color difference and other defects; the clamp plate shall be straight and fastened; warp direction of base cloth shall be the forced direction of curtain surface that shall be beautiful, straight and tidy. 6.1.3 Relative moving parts in the process of cutting, bending and sinker drilling shall be free from burrs.
6.1.4 Assembling and splicing points of all parts shall be free from misalignment; welding point shall be fastened; and the appearance shall be flat and smooth, free from slag inclusion, solder skips and loosening.
6.1.5 All fasteners shall be tightened and free from loosening.
6.2 Materials
6.2.1 Raw materials for inorganic fiber composite fire resistant shutter shall meet requirements on health and environmental protection, and materials explicitly prohibited by the State shall not be put into use.
6.2.2 Raw materials for main parts of fire resistant shutter shall meet the requirements of corresponding national standards or professional standards. 6.2.3 Thickness of raw materials for main parts of fire resistant shutter should be adopted in accordance with Table 5.
Table 5 -- Thickness of Raw Materials (Unit: mm)
Parts Thickness of raw materials
Curtain plate Thickness (ordinary type): ???1.0; thickness of any curtain sheet Clamp plate ???3.0
Riser plate ???3.0
Guide rail Buried type: ???1.5; exposed type: ???3.0
6.3.7.2 Surfaces of driving mechanism, bearing and chain shall be free from rust and shall be added with proper amount of lubricant as required.
6.3.7.3 Deflection of shaft of vertical shutter under normal operation shall be less than 1/400 of shaft length.
6.3.7.4 Shaft of side shutter shall be installed and vertical to foundation surface. Error of verticality shall be less than 1.5 mm/m. The total length shall be less than 5mm.
6.3.8 Door roller
Door roller for fire resistant shutter shall be approved product qualified in the test conducted by national fire detection organization and its performance shall be in accordance with Appendix A.
6.3.9 Control box
Control box for fire resistant shutter shall be approved product qualified in the test conducted by national fire detection organization and its performance shall be in accordance with Appendix B.
6.4 Performance requirements
6.4.1 Air pressure resistance
6.4.1.1 Curtain plate of steel fire resistant shutter shall be of certain air pressure resistant strength. At specified load, the curtain plate shall not fall off from the guide rail and its deflection shall be in accordance with Table 8.
6.4.1.2 Anti-derail device may be arranged between the curtain surface and the guide rail to prevent the plate from derailing.
6.4.2 Smoke-proof performance
6.4.2.1 Smoke control device for guide rail and lintel of fire resistant and smoke control shutter shall be in accordance with 6.3.4.5 and 6.3.5.1.
6.4.2.2 If differential pressure on both sides of curtain surface of fire resistant and smoke control shutter is 20 Pa, smoke leakage amount of the surface shall not be greater than 0.2m3/(m2???min) under standard condition (20 , 101325Pa).
6.4.3 Operation stability
After the assembling of fire resistant shutter, the curtain surface shall operate stably in the guide rail without being derailed and obviously inclined; two curtain surfaces of double-curtain surface shutter shall be lifted simultaneously, and their height difference shall not be greater than 50mm.
Table 8 -- Deflection of Curtain Plate
Code
Air pressure Deflection/mm
B???2.5 m B=3 m B=4 m B=5 m B=6 m B>6 m
50 490 25 30 40 50 60 90
80 784 37.5 45 60 75 90 135
120 1177 50 60 80 100 120 180
Note: air pressure resistance test may not be conducted for indoor steel fire resistant shutter and inorganic fiber 6.4.4 Noise
Average noise caused by the startup/shutdown of fire resistant shutter shall not be greater than 85dB.
6.4.5 Electric startup/shutdown speed and deadweight descending speed
The speed during electric startup/shutdown of vertical shutter shall be 2m/min~7.5m/min. And its deadweight descending speed shall not be greater than 9.5m/min, while the speed during electric startup/shutdown of side shutter shall not be less than 7.5m/min. And that during electric startup/shutdown of horizontal shutter shall be 2m/min~7.5m/min.
6.4.6 Two-step shutdown performance
Fire resistant shutter installed at evacuation exit shall be provided with two-step closing performance which means that the control box automatically shuts down to the mid-position of fire resistant shutter and stops after receiving the alarm signal, then continues to shut down to a complete close after a 5s~60s delay; or after receiving the alarm signal for the first time, the control box shuts down to the mid-position of fire resistant shutter and stops, and continues to shuts down to a complete close after receiving the alarm signal for the second time.
6.4.7 Temperature-control release performance
Temperature control release device shall be arranged for fire resistant shutter; if the ambient temperature of temperature-sensing elements of the release device reaches 73 ??0.5 , then the shutter shall fall off and shut down according to its deadweight. 6.4.8 Fire resistance
The fire resistant rating of fire resistant shutter shall be in accordance with Table 4. 7 Test Methods
7.1 Appearance quality
Appearance quality of fire resistant shutter shall be visually inspected combined with hand touching.
7.2 Materials
7.2.1 Inspection sheet and quality guarantee list on main materials of fire resistant shutter shall be provided by the manufacturer. Thickness of the materials is measured by caliper.
7.2.2 Fold decorative cloth or base cloth of inorganic fiber composite fire resistant curtain surface in forward and reverse direction 4 times and put it in low temperature test chamber. Adjust the temperature of the test chamber to 20 ??2 and maintain it for 30 min?? 5 min, then reduce the temperature to -20 ??2 at the rate not greater than 5 /min (not greater than the average in 5 min) and maintain it for 48h, then take out the decorative cloth or base cloth from the low-temperature chamber, observe whether it's brittle crack and still elastic. Fold decorative cloth or base cloth of inorganic fiber composite fire resistant curtain surface in forward and reverse direction 4 times and put it in high temperature test chamber. Adjust the temperature of the test chamber to 20 ??2 and maintain it for 30 min?? 5 min, then increase the temperature to +50 ??2 at the rate not greater than 5 /min (not greater than the average in 5 min) and maintain it for 48h, then take out the decorative cloth or base cloth from the low-temperature chamber, observe whether it's adhered.
7.2.3 Combustion performance for decorative cloth of inorganic fiber composite fire resistant curtain surface shall be inspected according to GB/T 5454 and GB/T 5455, and that of base cloth shall be inspected according to GB/T 5464.
7.2.4 Breaking strength for various textiles of inorganic fiber composite fire resistant curtain surface shall be inspected according to GB/T 3923.1.
7.3 Parts
7.3.1 Dimension tolerance
7.3.1.1 Length (L) of steel fire resistant shutter plate is measured with steel tape at h/2. Width (h) and thickness (s) is measured with a caliper at 50 mm from both ends of the curtain surface and L/2, from which the average is taken, see Figure 5. 7.3.7.3 Error of perpendicularity of side shaft is measured according to the requirements of 7.3.4.4.
7.3.8 Door roller
Performances for door roller of fire resistant shutter are measured in accordance with Appendix A.
7.3.9 Control box
Performances for control box of fire resistant shutter are measured in accordance with Appendix B.
7.4 Performance requirements
7.4.1 Air pressure resistance
7.4.1.1 Test equipment
Air pressure resistance test equipment of the plate is shown in Figure 7. Test equipment includes the following parts:
a) Adjustable support: with locking device, air pressure resistance test for curtain plates with different lengths may be carried out by adjusting support. b) Sandbag: the mass of each sandbag is 3.0 kg, the sand with loose thickness of 1500 kg/m3 is filled in for loading of the test piece.
c) Deflectometer: measure and display deflection of the test piece, precision: ?? 1.0 mm.
d) Others: ruler, steel tape, caliper and platform scale.
7.4.1.2 Test piece
Randomly take three of the curtain sheets with identical production condition, and mesh them horizontally into shutter as test piece.
7.4.1.3 Test procedure
a) Measure the mass and dimension of the test piece and calculate the area. b) Install the test piece in the guide rail groove of the adjustable support with its windward side upward.
Q0 - the measured smoke leakage of the equipment, [m3/(m2???min)];
T0 - the gas temperature in the measuring pipeline when measuring the smoke leakage of the equipment, ( );
B0 - the atmospheric pressure when measuring the smoke leakage of the equipment, (Pa);
P0 - the gas pressure at the flowmeter when measuring the smoke leakage of the equipment, (Pa).
7.4.3 Operation stability
Visual inspection is carried out for operation stability of fire resistant shutter. Height difference between two curtain surfaces of the double-curtain surface shutter is measured with steel tape.
7.4.4 Noise
Noise of the fire resistant shutter in operation is measured with sound level meter from which the vertical distance to the surface of the shutter is 1 m, and to the ground is 1.5 m. Three points in horizontal direction shall be measured, from which the average is taken.
7.4.5 Electric startup/shutdown speed and deadweight descending speed
Electric startup/shutdown speed and deadweight descending speed of the fire resistant shutter is measured with steel tape and stopwatch.
7.4.6 Two-step shutdown performance
Visual inspection is carried out for two-step shutdown performance of the fire resistant shutter. Time delay interval is measured with stopwatch.
7.4.7 Temperature-control release performance
7.4.7.1 Operating temperature of temperature-control release device
Three sets of temperature-control release device are selected to conduct test according to 5.1 in GB 15930-1995. If the operating temperatures of the temperature-control release devices are all qualified, then the operating temperature will be judged qualified, or else, it will be judged unqualified.
Note: if effective inspection report is provided, the test may not be carried out. 7.4.7.2 Linked performance of temperature-control release device
After installation and commissioning, open the fire resistant shutter to upper limit, cut off the power, and heat the temperature-control release device so that its heat element moves, then observe the descending and shutdown of the shutter. 7.4.8 Fire resistance
The fire resistance rating of fire resistant shutter shall be tested according to GB/T 7633. For fire resistance rating of steel fire resistant shutter and inorganic fiber composite fire resistant shutter, their fire integrity shall be measured according to GB/T 7633; for fire resistance rating of special type fire resistant shutter, its fire integrity and insulation shall be measured according to GB/T 7633.
Note: if the tested party or client requires to measure the heat radiation intensity on the unexposed surface of the shutter, the inspection may be carried out in accordance with GB/T 7633 or the method provided by the tested party or client, but the result is not the judgment basis for fireproof performance of the shutter. 8 Inspection Rules
8.1 End-of-manufacturing inspection
8.1.1 Inspection items are 6.1, 6.2.1, 6.2.2, 6.2.3, 6.3.1, 6.3.3, 6.3.4.2 and 6.3.7.3. 8.1.2 End-of-manufacturing inspection is in accordance with GB/T 2828.1, general inspection level II is adopted, and acceptance quality limit is 6.5 with sampling plan of one normal inspection.
8.1.3 Fire resistant shutter shall be inspected by quality inspection department of the manufacturer according to end-of-manufacturing inspection item, and each item shall be qualified, and they shall not be delivered until the certificate is signed and issued. 8.2 Type inspection
8.2.1 Inspection items are all the contents required by the standard.
8.2.2 Type inspection shall be carried out under any of the following circumstances: a) Trial production and design appraisement of new products or existing products during transfer-plant production;
b) There is major change in the structure, material, process and critical procedure of the product which may influence the product performance.
c) Restoration of production after shutdown for over 1 year.
d) The result of delivery inspection differs greatly from that of the last type inspection.
e) Significant quality accident occurs.
f) Requested by quality supervision institutions.
8.3 Inspection quantity and judgment rules
Randomly take a set of fire resistant shutter from the same batch of products qualified in end-of-manufacturing inspection. If inspection items are all qualified, the batch of products will be judged qualified for type inspection; if the inspection items listed in Table 9 are all qualified, at most 4 items (including 4 Items) in other inspection items are unqualified, but qualified after repair, the batch of products will be judged qualified for type inspection; if the inspection items listed in Table 9 are all qualified, more than 4 items in other inspection items are unqualified, or any one of the inspection items in Table 9 is unqualified, the batch of products will be judged unqualified for type inspection; on this occasion, double sampling is needed for the batch of products for re-inspection for the unqualified items. If all items of the re-inspection are all qualified, the batch of products, except those unqualified in the first inspection, will be judged qualified for type inspection; if one item of the re-inspection is still unqualified, the batch of products will be judged unqualified for type inspection.
Table 9 -- Inspection Items
Item Fire resistance Air pressure resistance
Two-step
shutdown
performance
Operation
stability
Smoke leakage
of curtain surface
Temperature-control
release performance
Steel fire
resistant shutter ??? ??? ??? ??? ???
Steel fire
resistant
smoke-proof
??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???
Inorganic fiber
composite fire
resistant shutter
??? ??? ??? ???
Inorganic fiber
composite fire
resistant
smoke-proof
shutter
??? ??? ??? ??? ???
Appendix A
(Normative)
Requirements and Test Methods for Door Roller of Fire Resistant Shutter A.1 Requirements
A.1.1 Appearance and parts
A.1.1.1 The enclosure of door roller shall be complete, free from unfilled corner, obvious cracks and deformation.
A.1.1...

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