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GB 13078-2017 English PDF (GB13078-2017)

GB 13078-2017 English PDF (GB13078-2017)

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GB 13078-2017: Hygienical standard for feeds

This Standard specifies the limit contents and test methods of hazardous substances and microorganisms in the feed ingredients and feed products. This Standard is applicable to the feed ingredients and feed products listed in Table 1. This Standard is inapplicable to the pet feed products and feed additive products.
GB 13078-2017
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 65.120
B 46
Replacing GB 13078-2001, GB 13078.1-2006, GB 13078.2-2006,
GB 13078.3-2007, GB 21693-2008
Hygienical Standard for Feeds
ISSUED ON. OCTOBER 14, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON. MAY 01, 2018
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 9
2 Normative References ... 9
3 Requirements ... 10
Foreword
All the technical contents in this Standard are mandatory.
This Standard was drafted as per the rules specified in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaces Amendment 1 of GB 13078-2001 Hygienical Standard for Feeds; GB 13078.1-2006 Hygienical Standard for Feed - Limited Content of Nitrite in Feeds; GB 13078.2-2006 Hygienical Standard for Feed - Toleration of Ochratoxin A and Zearalenone in Feeds; GB 13078.3-2007 Tolerance Limits for Deoxynivalenol in Formula Feed; GB 21693-2008 Tolerance Limits for T-2 Toxin in Formula Feed. Compared with the original standards, this Standard has the major technical differences as follows besides the editorial modifications.
--- Adjust the scope of the standard, modify which into ?€?this Standard is applicable to the feed ingredients and feed products listed in Table 1; inapplicable to pet feed products and feed additive products?€?, delete the content of feed additive products.
--- Add the limited contents of 3 items, namely, fumonisin, polychlorinated biphenyls and hexachlorobenzene.
--- Specify the limit value of the significant figures.
--- Expand the coverage of each items?€? limit values and uniformly list in the order of feed ingredients, additive premixes, concentrated feeds, concentrate
supplements, formula feeds; further detail the limit levels of each item int the different feed ingredients and feed products (different ages and animal categories), thereof.
Total arsenic. modify the limit of the total arsenic; delete the exceptional regulation of organic arsenic preparation of the original standard; increase the limit content in the following substances such as ?€?hay and its processed products?€?, ?€?palm kernel cake (meal)?€?, ?€?algae and its processed products?€?, ?€?shell animals and their by-products (excluding the shrimp oil), fish and shrimp power, aquatic Mollusca and their by-product s (excluding oil-fat)?€?, ?€?other aquatic animal- derived feed ingredients (excluding the oil-fat of aquatic animal)?€?; combine the ?€?fishmeal?€? into ?€?other aquatic animal-derived feed ingredients (excluding the oil- fat of aquatic animal)?€?; increase the limit content in ?€?other mineral feed ingredients?€?, ?€?oil-fat?€?, ?€?other feed ingredients?€?; combine the ?€?zeolite powder, bentonite, medical stone?€? into ?€?other mineral feed ingredients?€?; expand the ?€?additive premix for pig and poultry?€? into ?€?additive premix?€?; expand the ?€?concentrated feed for pig and poultry?€? and ?€?concentrate supplement for cow and sheep?€? into ?€?concentrated feed?€? and ?€?concentrate supplement?€?; delete the instructions on proportional conversion of the original standard; increase the limit growing chicken?€? as ?€?formula feed for broiler chicken, brooding chicken, breeding chicken?€?; the limit content is unchanged; combine ?€?formula feed for growing duck, meat duck?€? and ?€?laying-duck formula feed?€? into ?€?duck formula feed?€?; the limit content is unified to 200mg/kg; increase the limit content in ?€?aquatic formula feed?€? and ?€?other formula feeds?€?.
Nitrite. increase the limit content in ?€?pre-food and by-products obtained in the production process of the meat products such as ham powder?€?, ?€?other feed ingredients?€?; combine ?€?corn?€?, ?€?cake meal, wheat bran, rice bran?€?, ?€?grass powder?€?, ?€?bone powder, meat meal?€? into ?€?other feed ingredients?€?; the limit value is unified to 15mg/kg; expand separately ?€?concentrated feed for chickens, ducks, pigs?€?, ?€?concentrate supplement for cow (dairy cattle, meat cattle)?€? and ?€?duck formula feed?€? into ?€?concentrated feed?€?, ?€?concentrate supplement?€? and ?€?formula feed?€?. Aflatoxin B1. the limit content in the feed ingredients is separately listed as per ?€?corn processed products, peanut cake (meal)?€?, ?€?plant oil-fat (excluding the corn oil and peanut oil)?€?, ?€?corn oil, peanut oil?€? and ?€?other plant feed ingredient?€?; combine ?€?corn?€?, ?€?cotton seed cake (meal), rapeseed cake (meal)?€?, ?€?bean meal?€? into ?€?other plant feed ingredients?€?; specify the limit content in ?€?concentrated feed for piglet and young poultry?€?, ?€?concentrated feed for late meat ducks, growing ducks, laying ducks?€? and ?€?other concentrated feeds?€?; increase the limit content in ?€?concentrated supplement for calf and lamb?€?, ?€?lactation concentrate
supplement?€? and ?€?other concentrate supplement?€?; specify the limit content in ?€?formula feed for piglet and young poultry?€?, ?€?formula feed for late meat ducks, growing ducks, laying ducks?€?; increase the limit content in ?€?other formula feed?€?. Ochratoxin A. expand ?€?corn?€? into ?€?cereals and their processed products?€?. Zearalenone. increase the limit content in ?€?corn and its processed products (excluding corn husk, sprayed corn husk, corn syrup dry powder)?€?, ?€?corn husk, sprayed corn husk, corn syrup dry powder, corn distiller?€?s grains products?€? and ?€?other plant feed ingredients?€?; increase the limit content in ?€?concentrate supplement for calf, lamb and lactation?€?; list the ?€?formula feed?€? in the original standard as per ?€?piglet formula feed?€?, ?€?young sow formula feed?€?, ?€?other pig formula feeds?€? and ?€?other formula feeds?€?, respectively.
Deoxynivalenol. increase the limit content in ?€?plant feed ingredient?€?, ?€?concentrate supplement for calf, lamb and lactation?€? and ?€?other concentrate supplements?€?; combine ?€?poultry formula feed?€? into ?€?other formula feeds?€?.
T-2 toxin. increase the limit content in ?€?plant feed ingredient?€?; express ?€?pig formula feed?€? and ?€?poultry formula feed?€? into ?€?formula feed for pig and poultry?€?; the limit value is reduced to 0.5mg/kg.
Cyanide. increase the limit content in ?€?flax seed [sesame seed]?€? and ?€?other feed products (excluding oil-fat), fishmeal?€?; increase the limit content in ?€?oil-fat?€?; combine the ?€?formula feeds for chicken and pig?€? of the original standard into ?€?additive premix, concentrated feed, concentrate supplement, formula feed?€?; the limit value is reduced to 0.05mg/kg.
Total mold. expand ?€?corn?€?, ?€?wheat bran and rice bran?€? into ?€?cereals and their processed products?€?; expand ?€?bean cake (meal), cottonseed cake (meal),
rapeseed cake (meal)?€? into ?€?cake-meal feed ingredients (excluding the fermented products)?€?; the limit content is reduced to 4??103 CFU/g; increase the limit content in ?€?dairy products and their processed by-products?€?; the limit content in ?€?fishmeal?€? is reduced to 1??104 CFU/g; increase the limit content in ?€?other animal-derived feed ingredients?€? and combine ?€?meat meal?€? into it; delete the limit content of formula feed, concentrated feed and concentrate supplement of the original standard.
Total bacteria. expand ?€?fishmeal?€? into ?€?animal-derived feed ingredients?€?. Salmonella. expand ?€?feed?€? into ?€?feed ingredient and feed products?€?.
--- Add and modify the test methods of partial items. test methods for HCH and DDT in oil-fat shall adopt GB/T 5009.19; test methods for hexachlorobenzene shall adopt SN/T 0127; test methods for PCB shall adopt GB 5009.190; test methods for fumonisin shall adopt NY/T 1970; test methods for aflatoxin B1 shall be modified as per NY/T 2071; test methods for deoxynivalenol shall be modified as per GB/T 30956; test methods for Ochratoxin A shall be modified as per GB/T 30957; and test methods for zearalenone and T-2 toxin shall be modified as per NY/T 2071.
This Standard was proposed by and under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee for Standardization of Feed Industry (SAC/TC 76).
Chief Drafting organizations of this Standard. China Feed Industry Association; Secretariat for National Technical Committee for Standardization of Feed Industry; China National Feed Quality Control Center (Wuhan); Institute of Animal Sciences of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science; China Agricultural University; Academy of State Administration of Grain; Jiangsu Institute of Microbiology; and Secretariat for Aquatic Feed Subcommittee of National Technical Committee for Standardization of Feed Industry.
Chief drafting staffs of this Standard. Sha Yusheng, Wang Liwen, Wu Yubo, Yang Lin, Tong Jianming, Zhang Liying, Li Aike, Mi Xiaoli, Su Shenglan, Yu Fuqing, Wang Quan, Huang Zhicheng, Huang Ting, Dong Xiaofang, and Zhang Yan.
The historical editions replaced by this Standard are as follows.
--- GB 13078-1991, GB 13078-2001;
Hygienical Standard for Feeds
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the limit contents and test methods of hazardous substances and microorganisms in the feed ingredients and feed products.
This Standard is applicable to the feed ingredients and feed products listed in Table 1. This Standard is inapplicable to the pet feed products and feed additive products. 2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 5009.19 Determination of Organochlorine Pesticide Multiresidues in Foods GB/T 5009.190 Determination of Indicator Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Foods GB/T 13079 Determination of Total Arsenic in Feeds
GB/T 13080 Determination of Lead in Feeds - Atomic Absorption Spectrometry GB/T 13081 Determination of Mercury in Feeds
GB/T 13082 Method for Determination of Cadmium in Feeds
GB/T 13083 Determination of Fluorine in Feeds - Ion Selective Electrode Method GB/T 13084 Determination of Cyanide in Feed
GB/T 13085 Determination of Nitrite in Feeds - Colorimetry Method
GB/T 13086 Method for Determination of Free Gossypol in Feeds
GB/T 13087 Method for Determination of Isothiocyanates in Feeds
GB/T 13088-2006 Determination of Chromium in Feeds
GB/T 13089 Method for Determination of Oxazolidinone in Feeds
GB/T 13090 Determination of HCH and DDT in Feeds
GB/T 13091 Determination of Salmonella in Feeds
GB/T 13092 Method for Determination of Molds in Feeds
GB/T 13093 Examination of Bacterial Count in Feeds
GB/T 30956 Determination of Deoxynivalenol in Feeds - High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Immunoaffinity Column Clean-Up
GB/T 30957 Determination of Ochratoxin A in Feeds - High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Immunoaffinity Column Clean-Up
NY/T 1970 Determination of Fumonsins in Feeds
NY/T 2071 Determination of Aflatoxins, Zearalenone and T-2 in Feeds - Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry
SN/T 0127 Determination of BHCs, DDTs and HCB Residues in Foods of Animal Origin for Import and Export - GC-MS Method
3 Requirements
The hygienical indicators and test methods of feeds can refer to Table 1. Table 1 -- Hygienical Indicators and Test Methods of Feeds
SN Item Product Name Limit content
Test
Methods Remarks
Inorganic pollutant
Total
arsenic
mg/kg
Feed
ingredients
Hay and its processed products ???4
GB/T
Palm kernel cake (meal) ???4
Algae and its processed products ???40
Shell animals and their by-
products (excluding shrimp oil),
fish and shrimp powder, aquatic
Mollusca animals and their by-
products (excluding oil-fat)
???15
Other aquatic animal-derived
feed ingredients (excluding
aquatic animal oil-fat)
???10
Meat powder, meat meal ???10
Stone powder ???2
corn syrup dry powder)
Corn husk, sprayed corn
husk, corn syrup dry
powder, corn distiller?€?s grain
???1.5
Other plant feed ingredients ???1
Feed
products
Concentrate supplement for
calf, lamb, lactation ???0.5
Piglet formula feed ???0.15
Young-sow formula feed ???0.1
Other pig formula feeds ???0.25
Other formula feeds ???0.5
Table 1 (Continued)
SN Item Product Name Limit content
Test
Methods Remarks
Deoxynivalenol
(Voitoxin)
mg/kg
Feed
ingredients Plant feed ingredients ???5
GB/T
30956 Feed
products
Concentrate
supplement for calf,
lamb, lactation
???1
Other concentrated
supplements ???3
Pig formula feed ???1
Other formula feeds ???3
12 T-2 toxin mg/kg
Plant feed ingredient ???0.5 NY/T
2071 Formula feed for pig and poultry ???0.5
Fumonisin
(B1+B2)
mg/kg
Feed
ingredient
Corn and its processed
products, corn distiller?€?s
grain, corn silage feed
and corn stalks
???60
NY/T
Feed
products
Concentrate
supplement for calf and
lamb
???20
Concentrate
supplement for horse
and rabbit
???5
Concentrate
supplement for other
ruminant animals
???50
Pig concentrated feed ???5
Poultry concentrated
feed ???20
Formula feed for pig, ???5
Fish protein
hydrolysate with fat
content greater than
20%
???50
Feed
products
Additive premix ???10
Aquatic concentrated
feed, aquatic formula
feed
???40
Other concentrated
feeds, concentrate
supplements, and
formula feeds
???10
Table 1 (Continued)
SN Item Product Name Limit content
Test
Methods Remarks
Hexachlorocyclohexane
(HCH, in sum of ??-
HCH, ??-HCH, and ??-
HCH)
mg/kg
Feed
ingredients
Cereals and their
processed
products
(excluding oil-fat),
oilseeds and their
processed
products
(excluding oil-fat),
fishmeal
???0.05 GB/T 13090
Oil-fat ???2.0 GB/T 5009.19
Other feed
ingredients ???0.2
GB/T
13090 Feed
products
Additive premix,
concentrated
feed, concentrate
supplement, and
formula feed
???0.2
Dichloro-diphenyl-
trichloroethane [DDT, in
the sum of (p, p'-DDE),
(o, p'-DDT), (p, p'-DDD)
and (p, p'-DDT)]
Feed
ingredients
Cereals and their
processed
products
(excluding oil-fat),
oilseeds and their
processed
products
(excluding oil-fat),
fishmeal
???0.02 GB/T 13090

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