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GB 10827.1-2014 English PDF (GB10827.1-2014)

GB 10827.1-2014 English PDF (GB10827.1-2014)

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GB 10827.1-2014: [GB/T 10827.1-2014] Industrial trucks -- Safety requirements and verification -- Part 1: Self-propelled industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-carrier trucks

GB 10827.1-2014
Industrial trucks.Safety requirements and verification.Part 1. Self-propelled industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-carrier trucks ICS 53.060
J83
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Replacing GB 10827-1999
Industrial vehicles - Safety requirements and verification
Part 1. Self-propelled industrial vehicles (except no
Driving vehicles, telescopic boom truck and trailer)
Part 1. Self-propeledindustrialtrucks, otherthandriverlesstrucks,
(ISO 3691-1.2011, IDT)
Issued on. 2014-12-01 2014-07-24 implementation
Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China Standardization Administration of China released
Table of Contents
Introduction Ⅲ
Introduction Ⅴ
1 Scope 1
2 Normative references 2
3 Terms and definitions 3
4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures 5
5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures to verify 25
6 26 use of information
Appendix A (normative) running direction and determine the weight of 31 rated Annex B (informative) lists 34 major hazard
References 38
Foreword
Chapter 4 of this section (except 4.1.4,4.2.2.4,4.2.2.5,4.6.3.5,4.11.4), Chapter 5, 6.3 are mandatory, others are recommended Provisions.
GB 10827 "industrial vehicle safety requirements and verification" is divided into eight sections. --- Part 1. Self-propelled industrial vehicles (except unmanned vehicles, telescopic boom truck and trailer); --- Part 2. Self-propelled telescopic forklift;
--- Part 3. Lifting the vehicle with the console and is specifically designed to lift loads with additional requirements from the vehicle running; --- Part 4. Driverless industrial vehicles and systems;
--- Part 5. walk-in vehicle;
--- Part 6. cargo and personnel carrier vehicles;
--- Part 7. Regional requirements for European Union countries;
--- Part 8. Regional requirements for non-EC countries.
This section GB Part of 110,827.
This section drafted in accordance with GB/T 1.1-2009 given rules.
This Part replaces GB 10827-1999 "industrial motor vehicle safety standard" compared with GB 10827-1999 major technological changes as follows.
--- The "first chapter powered industrial vehicle manufacturer shall comply with safety regulations, including the operation, control, safety requirements and other institutions" Adjust To Chapter 4, "Safety requirements and/or protective measures" (see Chapter 4 of the 1999 edition of the first chapter); --- The "second in powered industrial trucks in use, operation and maintenance of the safety norms in part" to adjust to "Chapter 6 make Information "(see Chapters 6 and 1999 The second edition);
--- Added "verify the safety requirements and/or protective measures" (see Chapter 5). This section uses the translation method identical with ISO 3691-1.2011 "industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1. Self-propelled work Vehicle industry (except unmanned vehicles, telescopic boom truck and trailer). " This section incorporates ISO 3691-1.2011/Cor.1.2013 the content, the terms of these amendments has been involved through its external Vertical wire (‖) side margin positions were marked.
Consistency correspondence between this part of international documents and normative references of our files are as follows. --- GB/T 5182 forks technical requirements and test methods (GB/T 5182-2008, ISO 2330.2002, IDT) --- GB/T 6104 motor vehicle industry terminology (GB/T 6104-2005, ISO 5053. 1987, IDT) --- GB/T 20953 and determination of agricultural and forestry tractors (GB/T 20953-2007 mechanical cab interior material combustion characteristics, ISO 3795. 1989, MOD)
This part made the following editorial changes.
--- Will delete all references to the original text of ISO /T S3691-7 on EU regional requirements; --- The original referenced ISO /T S3691-8 requirements for non-EU regions in direct write, and which for North America, Australia Remove all the regional requirements of Australian, Japan, South Africa and the region; --- Increased references, including reference to the original text, but does not refer to a file that appears or appear in the "note" in its normative His standards.
This part is proposed by China Machinery Industry Federation.
This part of the National Standardization Technical Committee Vehicle (SAC/TC332) centralized. This section is responsible for drafting unit. Anhui Heli Co., Ltd., Beijing Materials Handling Design and Research Institute, the National lifting the transport machinery Quality Supervision and Inspection Center.
Participated in the drafting of this section. Linde (China) Forklift Co., Ltd., Guangxi Liugong Machinery Co., Ltd., Ningbo Ruyi Co. Shares The company, Hangzhou Forklift Group Co., Ltd., Dalian Forklift Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Connaught Machinery Co., Ltd., Xiamen, Xiamen Engineering Machinery Stock Ltd., Fujian Special Equipment Inspection and Research Institute, Anhui Jianghuai heavy construction machinery UnionPay Co., Ltd. The main drafters of this section. Wang Ying, Zhao Chunhui, pottery Jiahong, Wang Xiaofeng, Xu Chao, Wu Yin-Tang, Fengzhen Li, Zhang Zhongze, Gu Qun, Zhou Xuejun, Jiang Lei, Zhang Yuanrong, Wang back.
This part of the standard replaces the previous editions are.
--- GB 10827-1989, GB 10827-1999.
introduction
This section GB 10827 "scope" in clear and dangerous machinery involved could lead to a dangerous state or dangerous events. GB 10827 series of standards includes the safety requirements and verification as defined in ISO 5053 for industrial vehicles. Products should be designed when used in manufacturer foreseeable conditions, to meet its purpose or function, and is capable of adjustment and maintenance When not pose a risk to personnel.
In order to rationally design and make the product meet all the specific safety requirements, the manufacturer should confirm the danger associated with their products and Risk assessment. Then the manufacturer should be considered in the assessment of its product design and manufacturing. Objective risk assessment is to eliminate the risk of mechanical occur in their foreseeable lifetime of the accident, including due to Foreseeable abnormal state caused by installation and removal phases the risk of accidents. Manufacturers should be the following principles and order to select the most appropriate method. a) to eliminate or reduce the risk by design (inherently safe design and manufacture of machinery) as far as possible; b) to take the necessary protective measures can not be eliminated by the design of risk; Protective measures defects c) inform the user taken;
d) whether the need for specialized training;
e) provision of personal protective equipment to be provided;
f) providing the correct operating instructions by the appropriate user documentation. Industrial vehicles should be designed to prevent any foreseeable misuse may induce risk. In addition, there should not be based on empirically known The use of mechanical methods, should alert the user in the instructions for use. This section will not be repeated for the vehicle manufacturing industry technical requirements of all processes and materials. For details, see GB/T 15706. Industrial vehicles - Safety requirements and verification
Part 1. Self-propelled industrial vehicles (except no
Driving vehicles, telescopic boom truck and trailer)
1 Scope
GB This section 10827 specifies the safety as defined in ISO 5053 following self-propelled industrial vehicles (hereinafter referred to as "vehicle") to Seek and authentication methods.
a) forklift trucks;
b) reach truck (with a retractable mast or fork frame);
c) straddle trucks;
d) pallet stacker;
e) high lift platform truck;
f) console lifting height of not more than 1200mm of the vehicle;
g) truck side (unilateral);
h) side stacker truck (sides and three-way);
i) pallet truck;
j) two-way and multi-directional forklift operation;
k) is not greater than 20000N traction tractor;
l) counterbalanced terrain forklifts;
m) to other batteries, diesel, petrol or LPG powered industrial vehicles. Note 1. This section does not apply to compressed natural gas-powered vehicles to compressed natural gas and other power sources powered vehicles may be revised in the future headquarters Sharing increases.
For console lifting height greater than 1200mm vehicles and/or with a raised load from the vehicle to run more than 1200mm, this Section should be used in conjunction with ISO 3691-3.
NOTE 2. ISO 3691-3 does not apply to vehicles forklift trucks or container handling. Note 3. Some plays with low lifting height of not more than 1200mm lift pickers console, you can install an additional lifting device will play a load raised 1800mm maximum lifting height, apply.
This section does not apply to self-propelled telescopic boom forklift, unmanned vehicles and trailer, ISO 3691-2, ISO 3691-4 and ISO 3691-6 are applicable to these vehicles.
This section does not apply in harsh conditions (such as extreme weather, cold storage applications, hazardous environments) vehicle operation, which requires special circumstances Special protective measures.
This section relates to the addition of the following situations, the use of the machinery and foreseeable conditions under manufacturer's intended use of misuse as described in Appendix B All major hazards, dangerous state or hazardous events listed.
This section does not include the following dangerous situations may occur. --- In the manufacturing process;
--- Moving freely swinging suspension load time;
--- Use on the road;
--- Operation in potentially explosive atmospheres when;
--- When used on one side and the gap between the shelves less than 500mm narrow passage; --- Driving tow load when driving seat vehicle, the use of non-ergonomic posture caused; --- When driving nominal weight greater than 10000kg idling vehicles, since the relationship between field of vision caused; --- Overloaded.
Note 4. This section, fork, loading platform and integral attachments are seen as part of an industrial vehicle. Removably mounted on the load platform or fork Type attachment, it is not considered part of an industrial vehicle. The requirements for the attachment of this part of the relevant provisions. 2 Normative references
The following documents for the application of this document is essential. For dated references, only the dated version suitable for use herein Member. For undated references, the latest edition (including any amendments) applies to this document. Top Shelf technical requirements and test methods GB/T 5143-2008 industrial vehicle protection (ISO 6055.2004, IDT) GB/T 5169.16-2008 Fire hazard testing for electric and electronic products - Part 16. Test flames - 50W horizontal and vertical fire Flame test methods (IEC 60695-11-10.2003, IDT)
GB/T 5184-2008 trucks - Hook - on type fork and fork frame dimensions (ISO 2328.2007, IDT) Devices and other display devices GB/T 7593-2008 powered industrial vehicle operator control symbols (ISO 3287.1999, IDT) GB/T 8420-2011 moving machinery physical dimensions of operators and minimum operator space (ISO 3411.2007, IDT) GB 10827.5-2013 industrial vehicles - Safety requirements and verification - Part 5. Walk-in vehicles (ISO 3691-5.1999, IDT) GB/T 15706-2012 Safety of machinery - General principles for design risk assessment and risk decreases (ISO 12100.2010, IDT) GB 16754-2008 Safety of machinery - Emergency stop design principles (ISO 13850.2006, IDT) GB/T 16855.1-2008 Safety of machinery - Safety-related control system components - Part 1. General principles for design (ISO 13849-1-2006, IDT) GB/T 17300-2010 moving machinery passage means (ISO 2867.2006, IDT)
GB/T 18849-2011 Powered industrial trucks - Brake performance and component strength (ISO 6292.2008, IDT) GB/T 22417-2008 trucks cross on goods and telescopic fork technical performance and strength requirements (ISO 13284.2003, IDT) GB/T 22418-2008 Industrial Vehicles Additional requirements for automated functions (ISO 24134.2006, IDT) GB/T 22419-2008 industrial vehicles container handling and grappler arm operations indicator technical requirements GB/T 26560-2011 Powered industrial trucks - Safety signs and hazard pictorials General (ISO 15870.2000, IDT) GB/T 26562-2011 industrial self-propelled vehicle driving seat pedal arrangement structure and principles of the structure and layout of pedals GB/T 26948.1-2011 Industrial vehicle driver restraint system technical requirements and test methods - Part 1. waist belts GB/T 26949.1-2012 Industrial Vehicle Stability verification - Part 1. General GB/T 26949.2-2013 Industrial Vehicle Stability verification - Part 2. forklift trucks GB/T 26949.3-2013 Industrial Vehicle Stability verification - Part 3. Reach and straddle trucks GB/T 26949.10-2011 industrial vehicle stability verification Part 10. Under the power plant stacks lateral loading conditions - Additional stability test GB/T 27544-2011 industrial vehicle electrical requirements (ISO 20898.2008, IDT) ISO 2330 forks technical requirements and test methods - industrial vehicle safety requirements and verification - Part 3. Lifting the vehicle with a specially designed console and As with lifting load operation of the vehicle Additional requirements
1) forthcoming.
ISO 3795. 1989 for agriculture and forestry road vehicles, tractors and machinery internal combustion behavior of materials measured ISO 5053 Powered industrial trucks term
ISO 13564-1.2012 Test methods for powered industrial trucks verify Perspective Part 1. The nominal weight of not more than 10t Sit and stand-rider vehicle
ISO 22915-4.2009 Industrial verify the stability of the vehicle - Part 4. Pallet stackers, double stackers and console from increased Is not greater than the chosen vehicle 1200mm
ISO 22915-7.2009 Industrial Vehicle Stability verification - Part 7. Bidirectional and multidirectional trucks ISO 22915-8.2008 Industrial Vehicle Stability verification - Part 8. In the mast forward stacking and loading conditions enhance job ISO 22915-20.2008 Industrial Vehicle Stability verification - Part 20. Additional stability test under load bias conditions jobs Test 2009 Industrial verify the stability of the vehicle - Part 21.. ISO 22915-21 console lifting height greater than 1200mm picking Vehicles 3 Terms and Definitions
ISO 5053 and GB/T 15706 and defined by the following terms and definitions apply to this document. 3.1
Self-propelled industrial vehicles self-propeledindustrialtruck
At least three wheels and wheeled vehicles with a power drive device (not including those in the vehicle running on the track), designed to move Transportation, traction, Pushing, lifting, stacking or layering on the shelf stacking a variety of goods, by one operator (3.7) control. Note. The full terms see ISO 5053.
3.2
Step rider vehicle pedestrian-controledtruck
Followed by a walk to a vehicle operator (3.7) remote control device such as a tiller or control vehicles. NOTE. This vehicle can be equipped with stand-on option.
3.3
Ride type vehicle ride-ontruck
A seated or standing on the platform operator (3.7) control of the vehicle. NOTE. Stand-industrial vehicle operator's seat with the vehicle belonging rider. 3.4
Low lift vehicle low-lifttruck
Lifting height of not more than 500mm of the vehicle.
3.5
Two-way operation of the vehicle bidirectionaltruck
Along with their vehicle parallel or perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the run. Note. According to ISO 5053. 1987 in 3.6.1.2 adaptation.
3.6
Multi multidirectionaltruck to operation of the vehicle
In either direction relative to its longitudinal axis running vehicle.
Note. According to ISO 5053. 1987 in 3.6.1.3 adaptation.
3.7
Operator operator
Appropriately trained and qualified, responsible for controlling the operation of the industrial vehicle and load handling professionals. Note 1. Depending on the type of the vehicle, the operator can ride, step driving (eg tiller control, control cable) or remote (such as radio-controlled) vehicles. Note 2. The national regulations may apply.
3.8
Normal operating position normaloperatingposition
The operator can control all functions of operation and load handling position according to the manufacturer's instructions. NOTE. If you can not control all the functions of the vehicle in a position, then the manufacturer may specify additional locations. Rotating seat with more than one operating direction Chair or stand-end control of the vehicle can also be seen as having an operating position. 3.9
Lifting height liftheight
The upper surface of the horizontal section or fork lift platform to the vertical distance between the ground. 3.10
Lifting height liftheightfortraveling runtime
Running to provide sufficient ground clearance and promotion is not greater than the height of 500mm. Note. The runtime lifting height equivalent to the maximum lifting height stability test run. 3.11
Low lifting height lowliftheight
The maximum lifting height of not more than 500mm, this time, the vertical distance between the centroid of the load and the ground does not exceed 1100mm. 3.12
Automatic operation of the braking device automaticalyactingbrakes
Under non-operating conditions, in addition to the operator to release automatically implement mechanical braking device. 3.13
Loss of load center distance lostloadcentre
The removable attachment is mounted to the horizontal displacement of the vehicle when standard load center may arise. NOTE. The standard load center distance given in Appendix A.
3.14
The actual starting weight actualcapacity
By the manufacturer according to the strength and stability of the vehicle to determine the parts of the vehicle in the normal operating state, a specific load center distance (if necessary To also reach) can when handling, lifting and stacking height to a specific maximum load (in kilograms). Note. The actual starting weight depends on the configuration of the vehicle, it is the type of installation and the mast lifting height, load center distance and the actual installation of the genus have closed. The actual starting weight specifies the load carrying capacity of a particular configuration of the vehicle. Through appropriate correction calculation stability test or empirical data Test, the vehicle can be determined with the magnitude of the actual lifting the detachable attachment when. 3.15
Rated weight ratedcapacity
Determined by the manufacturer of the components according to the strength and stability of the vehicle, the vehicle is capable of standard load centroid handling, lifting and stacking Standard lifting height to the maximum load (in kilograms).
Note 1. The centroid in Appendix A.
Note 2. When the mast lifting height lower than the standard lifting height H, still in accordance with standard lifting height determining the rated capacity. Note 3. The nominal weight is used to compare different manufacturers produced vehicle rated capacity, and provide the basis for technical standards and statistics. The operating limits of the vehicle From the weight of the actual decision.
4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
4.1 Overview
4.1.1 General requirements
Vehicles shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this chapter. In addition, for non-significant risk not covered in this sec...

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