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CQC-C1201-2015 English PDF (CQC-C1201-2015)

CQC-C1201-2015 English PDF (CQC-C1201-2015)

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CQC-C1201-2015: Mandatory product certification Implementation detail rules -- Motor vehicle tires

China Compulsory Certification Implementation Detailed-Rules - Tyre of Motor Vehicle is compiled based on the requirements of Implementation Rules for China Compulsory Certification - Tyre of Motor Vehicle(CNCA-C12-01:2015). This Detailed-Rules is used together with the Implementation-Rules as supportive document.
CQC-C1201-2015
Serial No.: CQC-C1201:2015
China Compulsory Certification Implementation
Detailed-Rules -- Tyre of Motor Vehicle
ISSUED ON: NOVEMBER 30, 2015
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 1, 2016
China Quality Certification Centre
Table of Contents
0 Introduction ... 5
0.1 Definitions ... 5
0.2 Classification management requirements of manufacturing enterprises ... 6
0.3 Requirements for utilizing test resources of manufacturing enterprises ... 8
1 Application scope ... 8
2 Terms and definitions ... 8
2.1 Tyres?€? worst conditions (abbreviated as TWC conditions) ... 8
3 Certification standards ... 8
4 Certification mode ... 9
4.1 Basic certification mode ... 9
4.2 Applicability of certification mode ... 9
5 Division of certification units ... 9
6 Certification entrusting ... 10
6.1 Proposal and acceptance of certification application ... 10
6.2 Implementation arrangement ... 10
6.3 Rejection circumstances ... 11
7 Implementation of certification ... 11
7.1 Type test ... 11
7.2 Initial factory inspection ... 14
7.3 Evaluation and approval of certification results ... 16
7.4 Certification time-limit ... 16
8 After-Certification Supervision ... 17
8.1 Selection of after-certification supervision mode ... 17
8.2 Requirements for after-certification follow-up inspection ... 18
8.3 Sampling test or inspection at the production on-site ... 19
8.4 Market sampling test or inspection ... 20
8.5 Frequency and time of after-certification supervision ... 21
8.6 Evaluation and approval of after-certification supervision results ... 21 9 Certification certificate ... 22
9.1 Maintenance of the certification certificate ... 22
9.2 Contents of the certification certificate ... 23
9.3 Changes of the certification certificate ... 23
9.4 Suspension, resumption, cancellation, and withdrawal of the
certification certificate ... 26
9.5 Use of the certificate ... 27
10 Certification mark ... 27
11 Charge ... 27
12 Procedures and time-limit related to technical disputes, complaints and appeals ... 28
13 Certification applied by ODM mode ... 28
Attachment 1 -- Materials to be submitted during certification entrusting ... 29 Attachment 2 -- Table of technical parameters of motor vehicle tyres ... 31 Attachment 3 -- Requirements for conformity of production control document ... 34
Attachment 4 -- Requirements for the content of conformity of production control document implementation report ... 40
0 Introduction
?€?China Compulsory Certification Implementation Detailed-Rules - Tyre of Motor Vehicle?€? (hereinafter referred to as Detailed-Rules) is compiled based on the requirements of ?€?Implementation Rules for China Compulsory Certification - Tyre of Motor Vehicle?€? (CNCA-C12-01:2015) (hereinafter referred to as
Implementation-Rules). This Detailed-Rules is used together with the
Implementation-Rules as supportive document.
The product scope, certification basis of this Detailed-Rules shall comply with relevant provisions of the Implementation-Rules. It shall also be adjusted according to the Notices such as defined directory and directory adjustment that are issued by Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (hereafter referred to as CNCA).
According to the relevant requirements of the Implementation-Rules and quality manuals, procedure documents, work instructions, etc., of China Quality Certification Centre (hereinafter referred to as CQC), following the principles of maintaining the effectiveness of product certification, improving quality of product, serving certification companies, and controlling risk of certification, this Detailed-Rules is formulated and issued. Through establishing the classification management requirements of manufacturing enterprises, and combining the classification of manufacturing enterprises, this Detailed-Rules determines the implementation requirements for China Compulsory Certification of motor vehicle tyre products.
0.1 Definitions
0.0.1 Testing at Manufacturer?€?s Premises (abbreviated as TMP mode)
It means that the engineers of designated laboratory use the testing equipment in the factory laboratory to conduct testing. The factory shall dispatch test personnel to provide assistance. The designated laboratory will examine, approve and issue the test report.
0.1.2 Witnessed Manufacturer?€?s Testing (abbreviated as WMT mode)
It means that the engineer of designated laboratory witnesses the factory laboratory?€?s test conditions and all tests completed by using the laboratory?€?s equipment or according to the test plan submitted; or witnesses the partial test conditions and the test items. Test personnel of the factory laboratory shall provide the original records and draft up the test report together with the engineer of designated laboratory according to relevant provisions. The designated laboratory shall audit, approve and issue the test report.
CQC may re-determine the category of manufacturing enterprises regularly or irregularly according to the information collected, and carry out dynamic management. In case there is any change, the documents publicized by CQC shall prevail. In principle, the classification result of manufacturing enterprises shall be upgraded according to the sequence of D-C-B-A; and downgraded
according to the sequence of A-B-C-D or it may be directly downgraded to the corresponding category according to the risk evaluation.
0.3 Requirements for utilizing test resources of manufacturing
enterprises
Applicable to after-certification supervision sampling test. Refer to the relevant public documents of CQC for the requirements for utilizing test resources of manufacturing enterprises for China Compulsory Certification of tyre products. 1 Application scope
This Detailed-Rules apply to new pneumatic tyres for motor vehicles, including passenger car tyres, truck tyres and motorcycle tyres. The original design was for motor vehicle tyres used in motor vehicles of M, N, O, and L categories (refer to GB/T 15089 for definition of vehicle categories).
This Detailed-Rules does not apply to retreaded tyres and tyres specifically designed for racing.
Scope adjustment due to change of relevant laws or regulations, relevant product standards, technologies and industry policies and other factors shall be subject to the notice issued by CNCA.
2 Terms and definitions
This Detailed-Rules adopts the terms and definitions in relevant regulations for China compulsory certification.
2.1 Tyres?€? worst conditions (abbreviated as TWC conditions)
In the same certification unit, under the same load type, the tyre specifications that meet the following conditions at the same time: tyres of the maximum load index and the highest speed grade.
3 Certification standards
Mandatory clauses in ?€?Passenger car tyres?€? (GB 9743), ?€?Truck tyres?€? (GB 9744) and ?€?Motorcycle tyres?€? (GB 518).
Note 3: Series: refer to product series specified in ?€?Size designation, dimensions, inflation pressure and load capacity for passenger car tyres?€? (GB/T 2978), ?€?Size designation, dimensions, inflation pressure and load capacity for truck tyres?€? (GB/T 2977) and ?€?Series of motorcycle tyres?€? (GB/T 2983).
The final result of unit division is to be confirmed by the CQC product certification engineer after specific review of each product information. If necessary, the applicant and the CQC product certification engineer can discuss the unit merger and splitting scheme.
6 Certification entrusting
6.1 Proposal and acceptance of certification application
CLIENT shall fill in the required enterprise information and product details, and submit to CQC for certification entrusting via the Internet (www.cqc.com.cn). CQC shall review the application, and give acceptance or rejection notice within 2 working days, or ask the CLIENT to modify the information and apply again. When certification entrusting is accepted, CLIENT shall provide CQC with required certification entrusting materials and technical documents according to the requirements of CQC (see Attachment 1 for details).
After receiving the valid certification entrusting materials, CQC conducts a compliance audit of the entrusting materials according to the relevant review requirements, and issues a notice of data audit results to CLIENT. If the materials do not meet the requirements, CLIENT shall be notified to complete it.
CLIENT shall be responsible for the authenticity of the materials provided. CQC manages and saves the certification materials provided by CLIENT, and has the duty of confidentiality.
6.2 Implementation arrangement
CQC shall formulate the certification plan after acceptance, and notice CLIENT. Certification plan usually includes:
(1) Applied certification mode and unit division;
(2) Required application materials list;
(3) Type test program;
(4) Information of designated laboratory;
and below V
Speed symbol above V (including V) 4 sets/specification
7.1.4 Test items and requirements
The test items are based on the test items specified in the usage standards in Article 2 of this Detailed-Rules, and are implemented according to the items in Attachment 4 of the Implementation-Rules.
7.1.5 Implementation of type test
When carrying out the type test, the laboratory shall ensure the accuracy and authenticity of test conclusion; record and keep the whole test procedures; make sure the test process and test result are traceable. If there is abnormality in the test, the laboratory shall contact CQC and handle it accordingly. When there are nonconforming items in the type test, CLIENT is allowed to make rectification; the rectification shall be completed within 90 days and valid rectification data and samples shall be submitted to CQC. When retesting, CLIENT shall provide samples of the same specifications as those of the initial test for the all-item test (unqualified tyre sidewall marks or wear marks are only subjected to single-item double-quantity retests). If all the test items/rectification verifications are qualified, the retest of type test is passed; if the retest results are unqualified, the type test is unqualified.
Rectification and retest shall be completed within 90 days. If the time limit is exceeded, CLIENT shall be deemed to give up the certification entrusting and terminate the certification; CLIENT may also terminate the application on its own initiative.
After the type test, the test samples and related materials shall be disposed of in an appropriate manner.
The duration for type test generally does not exceed 30 working days
(calculated from the date the samples are received by the laboratory), excluding the duration for rectification of the enterprise. The duration for retest is the same as the duration for type test.
7.1.6 Type test report
CQC shall formulate the unified format of type test report.
The laboratory shall issue type test reports in the unified format. The laboratory and its related personnel shall be responsible for correctness of the content and test conclusions of the type test reports made by them.
made at the same time.
7.2.3.1 Inspection range
Initial factory inspection shall cover all departments, places, activities and processes related to the quality of the products entrusted with certification, and shall cover the category and structure of the products entrusted with
certification.
When a manufacturing enterprise has subcontracted its production process, CQC can carry out extended inspections on subcontracting sites outside the manufacturing enterprise.
If necessary, CQC inspection team can be extended to CLIENT, producers
(manufacturers), etc. for inspection.
7.2.3.2 Inspection requirements
During initial factory inspection, manufacturing enterprises shall have products of different categories and structures entrusted with certification in production. CQC delegates an inspection team to make the on-site inspection of conformity of production according to Attachment 3 of the Implementation-Rules.
When carrying out the factory on-site inspection, the factory inspection team shall randomly sample qualified products at the processing site to carry out following inspections, including but not limit to:
a. Inspection of conformity of the marks of certified products and ?€?Table of Technical Parameters of Motor Vehicle Tyre Products?€?;
b. On-site designated test of certified products (selected from the items specified in the conformity of production plan submitted by the factory). 7.2.3.3 Initial factory inspection time
For certification entrusting that requires initial factory inspection, CQC delegates an inspection team covering the motor vehicle tyre industry to carry out on-site inspection for manufacturing enterprises.
The number of inspector days is determined according to the manufacturing enterprise (place), inspection content, units of certified products entrusted, and the number of product specifications covered, and due consideration is given to the scale of the manufacturing enterprise, which is generally 4 to 6 person days per processing place.
7.2.4 Inspection conclusion
This Detailed-Rules do not make clear the certification process and time limit, which are subject to the relevant CQC procedure documents and work
instructions. CQC will control the certification time limit and complete related work according to the requirements of relevant procedure documents and work instructions, and CLIENT, producers (manufacturers), and manufacturing
enterprises shall cooperate.
CLIENT, producers (manufacturers), and manufacturing enterprises shall
actively cooperate and assist in the implementation of certification. The certification timeout due to the CLIENT, producer (manufacturer) or
manufacturing enterprise failing to complete the certification activities due to their own reasons is not included in the certification time.
8 After-Certification Supervision
CLIENT, producers (manufacturers) and manufacturing enterprises shall follow the requirements of ?€?China Compulsory Certification Management Method?€?, ?€?China Compulsory Certification Mark Management Method?€?, ?€?China
Compulsory Certification Certificate Cancellation, Suspension and Withdrawal Implementation Rules?€?, ?€?Supplementary Provisions on the ODM Model in
Implementation Rules for China Compulsory Certification?€?, the Implementation- Rules, this Detailed-Rules and certification standards, to ensure that their continuously produced certified products meet the requirements of laws, regulations and standards, and enterprise?€?s quality assurance capabilities and product conformity control continue to meet the certification requirements. CLIENT, producers (manufacturers) and manufacturing enterprises shall be subjected to supervision within the period specified in Article 8.1 of this Detailed-Rules, otherwise they are deemed as they are failed to be subject to after-certification supervision. For non-continuously produced products, CLIENT, producers (manufacturers) and manufacturing enterprises shall
proactively submit production plans to CQC to facilitate the effective follow-up inspection.
8.1 Selection of after-certification supervision mode
After-certification supervision mode includes after-certification follow-up inspection, production on-site sampling test/inspection or market sampling test/inspection. Combined with the classification results and actual conditions of manufacturing enterprises, after-certification supervision is one or combination of them.
Selection of after-certification supervision mode are shown in Table 3. meet the requirements of GB 518, GB 9743, and GB 9744 can replace the
results of the supervision sampling test of the corresponding products. 8.3.3 Sampling test items and requirements
The sampling test items and requirements shall be according to Article 7.1.4 of this Detailed-Rules.
8.3.4 Utilization of factory test resources
For Category A or B enterprises, manufacturers or manufacturing enterprises may apply for on-site test. After CQC?€?s approval, the designated laboratory may send qualified staffs to carry out on-site test by utilizing the factory test resources, provided the manufacturing enterprises meet all requirements of certification standards, ?€?Implementation Rules for China Compulsory
Certification - Utilization requirements of Manufacturing Enterprise Test Resources and Other Certification Result?€?, and the conditions required by Article 0.3 of this Detailed-Rules; and agree to use the test resources. On-site test shall be made according to Article 8.3.3 of this Detailed-Rules; designated laboratory shall issue test report when the test is qualified. If the manufacturer or manufacturing enterprise has utilized the factory resources for testing for at least 5 consecutive years, in principle, the samples shall be sent to designated laboratory for testing, so as to avoid systematic risks.
8.4 Market sampling test or inspection
8.4.1 Principle of market sampling test or inspection
CQC carries out market sampling for enterprises when necessary on the basis of enterprise classification management and certification risk.
8.4.2 Contents of market sampling test or inspection
CQC establishes market sampling test or inspection plan by selecting some or all of the test items from type test items, according to quality condition of different products. Samples shall be sampled by designated personnel from certified products in the market (including at warehouse or at user-site), and shall be sent to the designated laboratory for test.
When taking samples from the market, CLIENT, producers (manufacturers), and manufacturing enterprises shall actively cooperate, such as providing sales information of certified products, and information of product users, distributors, and sales network. At the same time, confirm the authenticity of the samples on site and bear the sample transportation costs.
In the follow-up inspection, if there are nonconformities and the product?€?s safety performance is not seriously affected, rectification is allowed within a period (of not more than 3 months). Enterprises shall take corrective measures and report the rectification materials to the inspection team.
When there is a systematic or serious defect in the conformity of production inspection, which directly affects the safety performance of the motor vehicle tyre, the follow-up inspection result is evaluated as Not-PASS.
The CQC inspection team carries out written verification or field verification of the rectification. If the rectification is effective, the follow-up inspection result is PASS; if the rectification is overdue and the rectification result does not meet the requirements, the follow-up inspection result is Not-PASS.
8.6.2 Evaluation of supervision sampling test results
If the product supervision sampling test is qualified, the evaluation result of product sampling test/market sampling test is PASS.
If the product supervision sampling test is unqualified, the certificate of the unit where the sample is included is suspended. If the type and structure of the sample involves multiple units, a supplementary sampling test shall be carried out on all the units covered by the sample. During the supplementary sampling test, sampling shall be carried out by unit group (excluding the unit where the unqualified sample is included), and it shall take samples of at least one specification from eac...

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