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CJ/T 244-2016 English PDF (CJT244-2016)

CJ/T 244-2016 English PDF (CJT244-2016)

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CJ/T 244-2016: Water quality standards for swimming pool

This Standard specifies water quality standards and test methods for swimming pools. This Standard is applicable to pool water quality of indoor and outdoor artificial swimming pools. Water quality of theatrical performance pools shall refer to this Standard for implementation. This Standard is not applicable to pool water quality of sea water, hot spring water pools, natural water swimming pools and infant swimming pools.
CJ/T 244-2016
URBAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 91.140.60
P 42
Replacing CJ 244-2007
Water quality standards for swimming pool
ISSUED ON: JUNE 14, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 01, 2016
Issued by: Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the
People's Republic of China
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
4 Water quality standards ... 7
5 Inspection methods ... 8
Annex A (Informative) On-site inspection method for nitrogen trichloride in chlorine-disinfected indoor swimming pool air ... 10
Annex B (Informative) Plate counting method for heterotrophic bacteria in swimming pool ... 13
Annex C (Normative) Inspection method for hydrogen peroxide in swimming pools ... 24
Annex D (Normative) Inspection method for cyanuric acid in swimming pools ... 25
Water quality standards for swimming pool
1 Scope
This Standard specifies water quality standards and test methods for swimming pools.
This Standard is applicable to pool water quality of indoor and outdoor artificial swimming pools. Water quality of theatrical performance pools shall refer to this Standard for implementation.
This Standard is not applicable to pool water quality of sea water, hot spring water pools, natural water swimming pools and infant swimming pools.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB 5749, Sanitary standard for drinking water
GB/T 5750.4, Standard examination methods for drinking water -
Organoleptic and physical parameters
GB/T 5750.10, Standard examination methods for drinking Water -
Disinfection by-products parameters
GB/T 5750.11, Standard examination methods for drinking water -
Disinfectants parameter
GB/T 5750.12, Standard examination methods for drinking water -
Microbiological parameters
GB/T 18204.1, Examination methods for public places - Part 1: Physical
parameters
GB/T 18204.2, Examination methods for public places - Part 2: Chemical
pollutants
TY/T 1003, Technical requirements and inspection methods for swimming,
diving, water polo and synchronized swimming establishments
Heterotrophic bacteria that can ingest nutrients from inanimate organic matter.
b) parasites
Heterotrophic bacteria that is parasitic in living animals and plants,
obtaining nutrition and energy from organic matter in host.
3.8 regular indices
Water quality indicators that can reflect basic situation of water quality of swimming pools.
3.9 non-regular indices
Water quality indicators for swimming pools that need implementing according to region, time or special circumstances.
4 Water quality standards
4.1 Requirements for water quality of original water of swimming pools
4.1.1 When select urban tap water as original water of swimming pools, it shall meet requirements of GB 5749.
4.1.2 When water quality of original water of swimming pools fail to meet requirements, it shall be processed to meet requirements of GB 5749.
4.2 Water quality standards for swimming pools
4.2.1 Sensory characteristics of pool water of swimming pools shall be good. 4.2.2 Pool water of swimming pools shall not contain pathogenic microorganism. 4.2.3 Chemical substance contained in water of swimming pools shall not harm human health.
4.2.4 See Table 1 for regular inspection items and limits.
Table 1 -- Regular inspection items and limits for water quality of pool water of swimming pools
No. Items Limits
1 Turbidity (scattering turbidimeter unit) / NTU ???0.5
2 pH 7.2~7.8
3 Urea / (mg/L) ???3.5
4 Total number of colonies / (CFU/mL) ???100
5 Total coliforms / (MPN/100mL or CFU/100mL) Shall not be detected
A.3.2 Matching colorimetric tube.
A.4 Reagents
A.4.1 DPD1 reagent tablet of which main component is N, N-diethyl-p-
phenylenediamine.
A.4.2 DPD3 reagent tablet of which main component is KI.
A.5 Steps
A.5.1 Use alkaline soap to clean glassware. Then use deionized water to rinse. Place in 180??C oven to dry.
A.5.2 Respectively add 15mL of pure water to absorber A and absorber B. Separately put two sets of DPD tablets (each set contains DPD1 and DPD3 tablets) into absorber A and absorber B. Use glass rod to slightly vibrate till tablets are completely dissolved.
A.5.3 Select chlorine-disinfected indoor swimming pool. In the time interval of maximum daily flow of people of this swimming pool, place air inlet of NCl3 on- site inspection device at pool edge, 30cm above water. If conditions permit, it shall also place air inlet in pool, 30cm above water.
A.5.4 Start vacuum pump. Control pumping flow at 1L/min. Pumping time is 100min. Total pumping capacity is 100L.
A.5.5 Pour absorbent inside absorber A into 25mL volumetric flask. Use a small amount of pure water to rinse inner wall of live core gas sampler. Pour residual liquid into volumetric flask. Set volume to 25mL. Liquid under test in volumetric flask is called as solution A. Operations of absorbent inside absorber B are same as absorber A. Liquid under test in volumetric flask is called as solution A.
A.5.6 When pumping capacity is strictly controlled and NCl3 concentration is below limit, absorbent of absorber B can completely absorb NCI3, and solution A is only used for blank reference. Use supporting portable spectrophotometer to respectively measure solution B and solution A. Results are value b and value a, respectively. Combined chlorine value is calculated according to formula (A.1).
Where,
c - combine chlorine value, in milligrams per liter (mg/L);
Annex B
(Informative)
Plate counting method for heterotrophic bacteria in swimming pool
B.1 General
B.1.1 Instructions on application
Plate counting method for heterotrophic bacteria is a method to measure number of live heterotrophic bacteria in water. This method is used for processing of swimming pool water as well as detection of microbial quantity during supply-distribution process. Paired, chained, clustered, even single cells shall be identified as a colony. They shall be calculated into number of colonies. The number of colonies is also affected by their growth. In order for data comparison, it shall adopt same cultivation steps and medium.
B.1.2 Screening method
Screening method is described as follows:
a) Dumping plate method. It is for water sample of which volume is
0.1mL~2.0mL or diluted water sample. Colony formed by this method is
smaller and firmer. Compared to surface-grown colony, it is less likely to cause interference between them. On the other hand, colony in medium
usually grows slowly and is difficult to transfer. Constant-temperature water bath is essential for temperature control of medium.
b) Spread plate method. Spread plate method does not form thermal shock and colony formed is easy to distinguish. Colony formed by this method is convenient to transfer. Colony morphology is clear, easy to distinguish and contrast. This method requires sample under test or diluted water sample has a small volume, only as 0.1mL~0.5mL. Specific volume depends on
degree of dryness of plate to be spread. When using this method, it is
necessary to maintain proper pre-drying and culture medium that has
absorptive capacity.
c) Membrane filtration method. Membrane filtration method is applicable to detection of large sample volume and low turbidity water sample, as well as water sample of which bacterial content is low (< 1CFU/mL~10CFU/mL). This method does not require heating. But it increases cost of diaphragm. The disadvantage of this method is that display area is small. It needs reflected light for colony counting. Filtration pressure is easy to damage cells, and cause difference in diaphragm quality.
adjust prepared culture medium?€?s pH to 7.2. Slowly heat to dissolve. Add glycerin and sterilize at 121??C for 15min. Commercial medium does not
require disinfection and pH adjustment. Finally, adjust pH to 7.1??0.2.
c) R2A medium. It is used for 3 detection methods: dumping plate method, spread plate method and membrane filtration method. This low nutrient
content medium produces a higher number of colonies than high nutrient
medium. (Formula: 0.5g of yeast paste; No.3 peptone or 0.5g of
polypeptone; 0.5g of casein amino acid; 0.5g of glucose; 0.5g of soluble starch; 0.3g of K2HPO4; 0.05g of MgSO4??7H2O; 0.3g of sodium propionate; 15g of agar; 1L of ultra-pure water). Configuration method for R2A medium: before adding agar, use K2HPO4 or KH2PO4 to adjust pH of component
solution other than agar to 7.2; then heat to dissolve agar; sterilize at 121??C for 15min.
d) NWRI medium (HPCA). It is used for 3 detection methods: dumping plate method, spread plate method and membrane filtration method. The
number of colonies in this low nutrient medium is higher than that in high nutrient medium. (Formula: 3g of peptone; 0.5g of casein; 0.2g of K2HPO4; 0.05g of MgSO4; 0.001g of FeCl3; 15g of agar; 1L of ultrapure water).
Sterilize at 121??C for 15min. Finally, adjust pH to 7.2??0.2.
B.1.7 Cultivation
According to EPA standard, dumping plate shall be cultivated at 35??C for 48h. Otherwise, it shall select recommended culture time and temperature to detect change of water quality. Usually, at 20??C~28??C, cultivate 5d~7d and maximum number of colonies shall be obtained. During cultivation, it needs to maintain humidity in incubator so as to reduce water dispersion of medium. For long- term cultivation, this step is crucial. It shall place hot water at bottom of incubator to maintain incubator?€?s temperature. In order to prevent the incubator from rusting, it can use plastic film to seal petri dish so as to achieve preservation effect.
B.1.8 Counting and recording
B.1.8.1 Dumping plate, spread plate methods:
a) After cultivation ends, immediately count number of colonies in petri dish. Otherwise, it shall store petri dish at a 5??C~10??C environment. But storage time shall not exceed 24h. It shall try to avoid such kind of operations. Record sterilization control of each sample.
b) During counting of colonies, I t shall use colony counter to conduct manual counting. It can also use automatic counting device. But it shall correct automatic counting device so as to endure data accuracy.
bottom of dish; colony formed on border or agar surface. The latter two colonies are mainly caused by accumulation of large amounts of moisture in colony.
f) When distance between colonies is approximately equal to minimum
colony diameter, it is considered as an independent colony.
Morphologically-distinct overlapping colonies are also considered as
independent colonies.
g) If contamination by mixed bacteria of petri dish is too serious, it shall be marked with ?€?mixed-bacteria contamination?€?. If it is caused by wrong
dilution multiple or other reasons, it shall be marked with ?€?experimental accident (LA)?€?.
B.1.8.2 Membrane filtration method
a) For colonies on membrane, use stereo microscope to count at 10 to 15 times magnification. It is best to place petri dish on microscope table at 45?? tilt. Adjust light source to vertically illuminate colony. Colony density of each membrane shall be 20~200. If colonies are small and there is no
overlap, limit of colony density under test can be increased accordingly. b) If number of colonies per unit area is ???2, count all colonies on membrane. When number of colonies per unit area is between 3~10, count number of
colonies of 10-unit areas and take average value. When number of
colonies per unit area is between 10~20, count number of colonies of 5- unit areas and take average value. Multiply the number of colonies per
unit area by 100 and divide by sample volume, it shall obtain number of colonies formed per 100mL of water sample. When number of colonies
per unit area is greater than 20, it shall be recorded according to
?€?>2000/water sample volume?€?. Use average number of colonies to count
colony forming unit. Only count independent, scattered colonies.
B.1.8.3 Enzyme substrate method: see B.5.6.
B.1.9 Statistics, counting reports
Statistics, counting reports are as follows:
a) Statistics on number of colonies shall be counted in colony forming unit (CFU). In addition, report also need to record methods, culture
temperature, time, and medium type, such as CFU/mL, plate count
method, 35??C/48h, plate count agar.
b) Bacterial concentration of heterotrophic bacteria?€?s dumping plate method, spread plate method and membrane filtration are represented by colonies formed by water sample per unit volume (CFU/mL). For enzyme substrate
dumping plate shall be completed within 20min.
B.2.3 Inoculation
Inoculation method is as follows:
a) Melt culture medium. In a closed environment, use boiling water or steam to melt culture medium. Avoid long-term placement in a high-temperature environment. Do not perform secondary sterilization for culture medium. Do not use medium that contains precipitate. Before using, it needs to
place culture medium at 44??C~46??C water bath and it is best not to exceed 3h. Place a thermometer in an independent container to monitor
temperature. Do not determine just by feeling.
b) Dump plate. To ensure that the entire inoculation process from dilution to dumping of last sample does not exceed 20min (the best is not to exceed 10min), it shall control number of samples of each inoculation. Pour
10mL~12mL of culture medium that is stored in water bath into each
inoculated petri dish (ensure petri dish mouth is just enough to dump
culture medium). Be careful not to make culture medium split out. In
addition, when dumping culture medium, it shall use a paper towel to
absorb moisture. Ensure petri dish wall clean, without residual
contaminant. Place petri dish on a horizontal surface to solidify. After solidification, inverse petri dish in incubator to culture.
c) Blank control. During cultivation, check if blank control group has
generated colonies so as to presume whether sample is infected by mixed bacteria.
B.2.4 Cultivation
See B.1.7.
B.2.5 Counting, record, analysis, report
See B.1.8, B.1.9.
B.3 Spread plate method
B.3.1 Sample and pre-processing
See B.1.4, B.1.5.
B.3.2 Test materials
Test materials are as follows:
a) Glass rod of which diameter is 4mm, length is 200mm, and starts bending B.4.1 Sample and pre-processing
See B.1.4, B.1.5.
B.4.2 Experimental materials
See B.2.1.
B.4.3 Culture medium
See B.1.6. It can select m-HPC, R2A, NWRI culture mediums.
B.4.4 Preparation of petri dish
Pipette 5mL of sterilized culture medium in a 50mm ?? 9mm petri dish. Solidify at room temperature. Then inverse in plastic box or another container to refrigerate. Refrigeration time does not exceed 2 weeks.
B.4.5 Sample capacity
Use different sample volume for water sample of different bacteria
concentration. The maximum sample capacity makes number of colonies
formed by each filter membrane 20~200.
B.4.6 Procedures
Use a filter membrane of which diameter is 47mm, aperture is 0.45??m to
perform semi-vacuum suction-filtration for water sample. After suction-filtration is completed, use 20mL~30mL of pure water to rinse container wall, so as to ensure experimental accuracy. Place filter membrane into petri dish.
B.4.7 Cultivation
Place petri dish into a closed container. Put moisture paper towel into this closed container. For m-HPC, it shall be cultivated in a 35??C ?? 0.5??C for 48h. R2A, NWRI mediums are cultivated in a 20??C~28??C for 45d~7d. Parallel
samples shall not be cultivated at the same time. But it shall use same cultivation temperature.
B.4.8 Counting, record, analysis, report
See B.1.8, B.1.9. Report records number of colonies in CFU/mL. At the same time, it needs to record method for membrane filtration, time as well as type of culture medium.
B.5 Enzyme substrate method
B.5.1 Sample and pre-processing
Annex C
(Normative)
Inspection method for hydrogen peroxide in swimming pools
Determination for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content:
a) Prepare 2mol/L sulfuric acid and 100g/L manganese sulfate solutions. In addition, prepare and calibrate 0.02mol/L potassium permanganate
titration solution.
b) Precisely pipette right amount of sample to make it equivalent to about 0.3g of hydrogen peroxide. In 100mL volumetric flask, use distilled water to dilute to scale. Mix well.
c) Take 10.0mL of hydrogen peroxide dilution. Place in 100mL iodine
volumetric flask. Add 20mL of 2mol/L sulfuric acid and 3 drops of 100g/L manganese sulfate. Shake well. Use 0.02mol/L potassium permanganate
titration solution (loaded in 25mL burette) to titrate till solution is pink. Record amount of potassium permanganate titration solution used.
Repeat measurement twice. Take 2 averages for the following calculations. d) Because 1mL of 1mol/L potassium permanganate titration solution is
equivalent to 0.08505g of hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide content
can be calculated according to formula (C.1).
where,
X - hydrogen peroxide content, in grams per liter (g/L);
c - concentration of potassium permanganate titration solution, in Molars per liter (mol/L);
Vpp - volume of potassium manganate titration solution, in milliliters (mL); V - volume of hydrogen peroxide sample contained in iodine bottle, in
milliliters (mL).

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