GB 7258-2017 English PDF (GB7258-2017)
GB 7258-2017 English PDF (GB7258-2017)
GB 7258-2017: [Including 2019XG1, 2021XG2] Technical specifications for safety of power-driven vehicles operating on roads
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Replacing GB 7258-2012
Technical specifications for safety of
power-driven vehicles operating on roads
[Including 2019XG1 Amendment List]
ISSUED ON: SEPTEMBER 29, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 01, 2018
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 17
1 Scope ... 18
2 Normative references ... 18
3 Terms and definitions ... 21
4 Vehicle ... 32
5 Engine and drive motor ... 53
6 Steering system ... 54
7 Brake system ... 55
8 Lighting, tell-tale and other electrical equipment ... 68
9 Driving system ... 78
10 Transmission system ... 81
11 Vehicle body ... 83
12 Safety protection devices ... 93
13 Additional requirements for fire engines, ambulances, engineering rescue vehicles and police vehicles ... 106
14 Additional requirements for vehicles for handicapped driving ... 107 15 Transitional period requirements for standard implementation ... 107 References ... 112
[2019XG1] No.1 Amendment List of national standard ... 114
Technical specifications for safety of
power-driven vehicles operating on roads
This standard specifies the basic technical requirements on the running safety such as motor vehicle main assembly and safety protection devices, as well as the additional requirements for the fire engines, ambulances, engineering rescue vehicles and police cars and vehicles for handicapped driving.
This standard applies to all motor vehicles traveling on the road in China. However, it does not apply to trams and wheeled special purpose mechanical vehicles which are not designed and manufactured for use on the road and mainly for the operation and construction in closed roads and places.
Note: Tram refers to the motor-driven, overhead power supply, track carrying road vehicles.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) are applicable to this standard.
GB 811 Helmets for motorcyclists
GB 1589 Limits of dimensions, axle load and masses for motor vehicles,
trailers and combination vehicles
GB/T 2408-2008 Plastics - Determination of burning characteristics -
Horizontal and vertical test
GB/T 3181 Color standard for paint film
GB 4094 Motor vehicles - Symbols for controls, indicators and tell-tales GB/T 4094.2 Electric vehicles - Symbols for controls, indicators and tell-tales GB 4599 Motor vehicle headlamps equipped with filament lamps
GB 4785 Prescription for installation of the external lighting and light- signaling devices for motor vehicles and their trailers
GB 5948 Photometric characteristics of motorcycle headlamps equipped
with filament light sources
GB 7956.1 Fire fighting vehicles - Part 1: General technical specifications GB 8108 Vehicle electronic sirens
GB/T 8196 Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the
design and construction of fixed and movable guards
GB 8410 Flammability of automotive interior materials
GB 9656 Safety glazing materials for road vehicles
GB 10396 Tractors, machinery for agriculture and forestry, powered lawn and garden equipment - Safety signs and hazard pictorials - General
GB 11567 Motor vehicles and trailers - Lateral and rear underrun protection requirements
GB/T 12428 Laden mass calculating method for buses
GB 12676 Technical requirements and testing methods for commercial
vehicle and trailer braking systems
GB 13057 The strength of the seats and their anchorages of passenger
GB 13365 Spark arrester
GB 13392 The vehicle mark for road transportation dangerous goods
GB 13954 Warning lamps for police cars, fire engines, ambulances and
engineering rescue vehicles
GB/T 14172 Static roll stability test method for motor vehicles
GB 15084 Motor vehicles - Devices for indirect vision - Requirements of performance and installation
GB 15365 Symbols for controls indicators and telltales for motorcycles and mopeds
GB 16735 Road vehicle - Vehicle identification number (VIN)
GB 17352 Performance and installation requirements of rear views mirrors for motorcycles and mopeds
GB 17578 Requirements and test methods of strength for the superstructure of bus
GB/T 17676 Natural gas vehicle and liquefied petroleum gas vehicle
GB 18100.1 Provisions for installation of lighting and light-signaling devices for motorcycles - Part 1: Two wheels motorcycle
GB 18100.2 Provisions for installation of lighting and light-signaling devices for motorcycles - Part 2: Two wheels moped
GB 18100.3 Provisions for installation of lighting and light-signaling devices for motorcycles - Part 3: Three-wheel motorcycles
GB/T 18411 Road Vehicle - Manufacturer?€?s Plate
GB 18447.1 Safety requirements for tractors - Part 1: Wheeled tractors
GB 18564.1 Road tanker for dangerous liquid goods transportation - Part 1: Technical requirements of atmospheric pressure metal tank
GB 18564.2 Road tanker for dangerous liquid goods transportation - Part 2: Technical requirements of atmospheric pressure non-metal tank
GB/T 18697 Acoustics - Measurement of noise inside motor vehicles
GB/T 19056 Vehicle travelling data recorder
GB 19151 Warning triangles for motor vehicle
GB 19152 Motor vehicle headlamps emitting a symmetrical passing beam
or a driving beam or both
GB 20074 External projections for motorcycles and mopeds
GB 20075 Passenger hand-holds on motorcycles
GB 20300 Safety specifications for road transportation vehicle of explosive substance and chemical toxic substance
GB 21259 Headlamps equipped with gas - discharge light sources for motor vehicle
GB 21668 Provisions of vehicles for the carriage of dangerous goods with regard to their specific constructional features
GB 23254 Retro-reflective markings for goods vehicles and trailers
GB 24315 The marker for school bus
GB 24406 The strength of student seat systems and their anchorages of
special school bus
GB 24407 The safety technique specifications of special school bus
GB/T 24545 Requirement of speed limitation system for motor vehicles
GB/T 25978 Road vehicle - Plate and label
GB 25990 Rear-marking plates for vehicles and their trailers
GB 25991 Automotive headlamps with LED light sources and/or LED
GB 26511 Front underrun protective requirements for commercial vehicle
GB/T 26774 Technical specification for car carriers
GB/T 30036 Adaptive front-lighting system for motor vehicles
GB 30678 Safety signs and information symbols for the use of bus
GB/T 31883 Road vehicles - Drawbar couplings, drawbar eyes, fifth wheel kingpins, hook couplings and toroidal eyes - Wear limits for in-use
GB 34655 Specifications for extinguishing equipment arrangement in bus
GA 524-2004 Specification of 2004 style police vehicle unified appearance coating
GA 525-2004 Specification of 2004 style police motorcycle unified
GA 923 Specification of special police vehicle unified appearance coating GA 1264 Fixed fire extinguishing systems for compartment of bus
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
Buses designed and manufactured for carrying specific personnel and
performing specific functions, such as special school buses; it also includes the special buses equipped with special equipment and appliances, and
more than 9 seats (including driver's seat).
Bus with standing passenger area
Buses with the maximum designed speed less than 70 km/h, with seats and passenger standing area, and enough space for frequent passengers to get on and off when there are frequent stops, with fixed bus operation routes and stations, running mainly in urban built-up areas; it also includes
trolleybus, which is the motor-driven bus connected with the power line. 22.214.171.124
7-seat above passenger car that is used for schooling of preschool children over 3 years of age or students for compulsory education.
School bus for infants
School bus for schooling of preschool children over 3 years of age.
School bus for primary student
School bus for schooling of primary students.
School bus for primary and middle school student
School bus for schooling of nine-year compulsory education students
(primary and junior high school students).
Special school bus
[GB 1589-2016, Definition 3.5]
Special motor vehicle
Motor vehicles that are equipped with special equipment or appliances,
designed and manufactured for engineering projects (including health care), such as goods vehicle cranes, fire engines, concrete pump goods vehicles, wrecker goods vehicles, aerial vehicles, road sweepers, dirt pickup vehicles, drilling locomotives, instrument vehicles, inspection vehicles, monitoring vehicles, power vehicles, communication vehicles, TV vehicles, blood
collection vehicles, medical vehicles, medical examination medical carts, etc., excluding the motor vehicles that are equipped with special equipment or appliances but the number of seats (including driver?€?s seat) exceeds 9 (except for fire engines).
Gaseous fuel vehicle
Motor vehicles equipped with an engine powered by a gas such as LPG,
natural gas or gas.
Motor vehicles with two sets of independent fuel supply systems, and the two sets of fuel supply systems are available for separate but not
simultaneous supply of fuel to the combustion chamber, such as
gasoline/CNG bi-fuel vehicles, gasoline/LPG bi-fuel vehicles and the like. 3.2.6
Motor vehicles with two sets of fuel supply systems and the two sets of fuel supply systems supply fuel to the combustion chamber at a predetermined ratio and then the fuel is mixed and combusted in the cylinder, such as diesel-compressed natural gas dual-fuel vehicles, diesel-liquefied petroleum gas dual-fuel vehicles and the like.
Battery electric vehicle
Motor vehicles driven by the motor and the driving power is from the on- 3.4.2
Goods road train
Combination of goods vehicle and draw-bar trailer or center axle trailer. 126.96.36.199
Draw-bar trailer combination
Combination of goods vehicle and draw-bar trailer.
Center axle trailer combination
Combination of goods vehicle and center axle trailer.
Combination of semi-towing trailer and semi-trailer, it also includes the combination of goods vehicles with connecting plate and caravan semi-
Road transportation vehicle for dangerous goods
Goods vehicles, trailers, and combination of vehicles that are designed and manufactured to transport dangerous goods.
Motorcycle and moped
Road vehicles driven by power devices, with two or three wheels, excluding: a) Tri-wheeled vehicles with a curb weight of more than 400 kg, without a cab, for carrying cargo;
b) Tri-wheeled vehicles with a curb weight of over 600 kg, without a cab, without the structure or function of the cargo carrying, designed and
manufactured to accommodate a maximum of 2 people, including drivers;
c) Tri-wheeled vehicle with a curb weight of more than 600 kg, with a cab; d) The mobile wheelchairs dedicated for the handicapped driving that has a maximum design speed, vehicle curb weight, outline size and other
regardless of the driving mode, and:
- Having a displacement not greater than 50 mL if using internal combustion engine;
- Having a motor rated power sum not greater than 4 kW if using the power driving.
Moped with two wheels
Two-wheeled moped equipped with two rear wheels on the vehicle's
longitudinal center plane.
Right three-wheeled moped
A moped equipped with two rear wheels that are symmetrical with the front wheels.
Tractor towing trailer for transportation
Power-driven vehicles composed of a tractor towing a trailer for the purposes of goods carriage, including wheeled tractor trailer for transportation and walking tractor trailer for transportation.
Note 1: The tractors referred to in this standard refer to walking tractors with a maximum design speed of not more than 20 km/h and can only performing road transportation work after towing a trailer, as well as the wheeled tractor with a maximum design speed of not more than 40 km/h and can only
performing road transportation work after towing a trailer.
Note 2: Walking tractor trailer for transportation also includes handheld variable transport machine, that is, the turning steering trailer for
transportation having an engine 12h nominal power not more than 14.7 kW, using walking tractor chassis, changing the handle into a steering wheel, and connecting to a trailer.
Wheeled mobile machinery for special purposes
Wheeled machinery with special structure and special features, equipped with rubber wheels to run on their own, with the maximum design speed
greater than 20 km/h, such as loaders, graders, excavators, bulldozers, etc., identification codes (or vehicle identification numbers) for wheeled mobile machinery for special purposes shall be engraved on the structural part at right front of vehicle, or on other vehicle structural parts if restricted by structure. For other power-driven vehicles (except for motorcycles and mopeds), it shall engrave the vehicle model and exit-factory number at the corresponding eye- catching position, with the model in front of the exit-factory number, at both ends of the exit-factory number shall be engraved with the start and end marks. Parts engraved with a vehicle identification number (or product identification code, complete vehicle model and serial number) shall not be ground, cut and repaired, cushioned, chipped, repainted (except for the painting technology used to protect the engraved vehicle identification number during design and manufacture), there shall not be any covering on the surface of a sufficiently large area around the engraved area; if there is a covering, the surface of the covering shall be clearly marked with ?€?vehicle identification number?€? or ?€?VIN?€?, and the covering can be directly removed (or uncovered) and restored without using any special tools, to easily observe a surface that is large enough to include the engraved area.
Engraved vehicle identification number (or product identification code, vehicle model and serial number) from above (front) side shall be easy for observation and rubbing; for motor vehicles and trailers, it shall also be able to be photographed. The height of the letter and number of the engraved vehicle identification number shall be greater than or equal to 7.0 mm, the depth shall be greater than or equal to 0.3 mm (for passenger cars and enclosed goods vehicles having a total mass of less than or equal to 3500 kg, the depth shall be greater than or equal to 0.2 mm), but the motorcycle and moped word height shall be greater than or equal to 5.0 mm, the depth shall be greater than or equal to 0.2 mm. Engraved vehicle model and exit-factory number height shall be 10.0 mm, depth shall be greater than or equal to 0.3 mm. The total length of engraved vehicle identification number (or product identification code, complete vehicle model and serial number) shall be less than or equal to 200 mm, the font and size of the letter and number shall be the same (except for the vehicle identification number engraved in different parts); when there is start and end marks at both ends of the engraved vehicle identification number, the space between the start and end marks and the letter and number shall be close and uniform.
Vehicle identification number (or product identification code, vehicle model and exit-factory serial number) shall not be changed or altered after being engraved, except for the re-marking or change as specified in GB 16735. On the frame of the same power-driven vehicle (or on the unremovable parts of the vehicle body which are mainly for load bearing purposes for the frameless power-driven vehicles), it shall not engrave both the vehicle identification number (or product identification code) and the vehicle model and serial number at the same time. All vehicle identification numbers on the same vehicles shall be the same. compartment with the vehicle identification number at a position which cannot be observed from the outside but can be directly observed after opening, and at least five major components shall be marked of the vehicle identification number; however, if the manufacturer uses the production management system which allows to trace the vehicle uniqueness information such as the vehicle identification number from the component number, the major components can be marked of the component number.
Vehicle identification number or part number shall be engraved directly or use the label which can be permanently maintained to attach in the target area of the major component as specified by the manufacturer, the character and code height shall ensure that the content can be clearly identified.
4.1.8 In addition to the vehicle identification number engraved in accordance with 4.1.2, 4.1.3, 4.1.5, as for the fence type, storage/stack type, auto-dumping type, and tank type goods vehicles having a total mass greater than or equal to 12000 kg as well as the fence type, storage/stack type, auto-dumping type, and tank type trailers having a total mass greater than or equal to 10000 kg, it shall also engrave at least two vehicle identification numbers on the goods container or atmospheric pressure tank (or on the structural parts designed and
manufactured to fix onto the goods container or atmospheric pressure tank and used to connect the frame). Engraved vehicle identification number shall be located at the right and left sides of the goods container (atmospheric pressure tank) or front end surface at a position which is easy for photography, the depth, height, and total length shall comply with the provisions of 4.1.3; if it is engraved at the left and right sides of the goods container (atmospheric pressure tank), the distance to the front end surface of the goods container (atmospheric pressure tank) shall be less than or equal to 1000 mm; if it is engraved on the connection structural parts at left and right sides, it shall be as close to the front end surface of the goods container (atmospheric pressure tank) as possible. 4.1.9 The markings of the road transportation vehicles for dangerous goods shall comply with the provisions of GB 13392; among them, road transportation vehicles for explosives and highly toxic chemicals shall also comply with the provisions of GB 20300. There shall be a metallic tank nameplate at the right side of the tank body of the tank type road transportation vehicles for dangerous goods or of the support wel...