GB 18352.6-2016 English PDF (GB18352.6-2016)
GB 18352.6-2016 English PDF (GB18352.6-2016)
GB 18352.6-2016: Limits and measurement methods for emissions from light-duty vehicles (CHINA 6)
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Replacing GB 18352.5-2013
Limits and measurement methods
for emissions from light-duty vehicles
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 23, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. JULY 01, 2020
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4
1 Scope ... 7
2 Normative references ... 8
3 Terms and definitions ... 10
4 Pollution control requirements ... 17
5 Type inspection ... 18
6 Type inspection extension ... 29
7 Production consistency ... 35
8 In-use conformity ... 41
9 Implementation of standard ... 42
Appendix A (Normative) Type inspection material ... 44
Appendix B (Informative) Type inspection report format ... 74
Appendix C (Normative) Exhaust emission test after cold start at normal temperature (type I test) ... 81
Appendix D (Normative) Actual running pollutant emission test (type II test) ... 272
Appendix E (Normative) Crankcase pollutant emission test (type III test) ... 354 Appendix F (Normative) Evaporative pollutant emission test (type IV test) ... 357
Appendix G (Normative) Pollution control device durability test (type V test) ... 384
Appendix H (Normative) Emission test of CO, THC and NOx in exhaust after cold start at low temperature (type VI test) ... 404
Appendix I (Normative) Refueling pollutant emission test (type VII test) ... 411 Appendix J (Normative) Onboard diagnostic (OBD) system ... 435
Appendix K (Normative) Technical requirements for reference fuels ... 571 Appendix L (Normative) Special requirements for LPG or natural gas (NG) fueled vehicles ... 575
Appendix M (Normative) Type inspection of alternative pollutant control device for independent technical assembly ... 578
Appendix N (Normative) Production consistency assurance requirements .. 591 Appendix O (Normative) In-use conformity ... 594
Appendix P (Normative) Technical requirements for vehicles using reactants in exhaust aftertreatment systems ... 608
Appendix Q (Normative) Emissions test procedures for vehicles with periodic regeneration system ... 613
Appendix R (Normative) Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) test ... 619
In order to implement the ?€?Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China?€? and the ?€?Law of the People's Republic of China on
Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution?€?, to prevent and control the pollution of motor vehicles and improve the quality of the ambient air, this standard is hereby formulated.
This standard specifies the requirements for the CHINA 6 type inspection requirements, the consistency of production, and the inspection and
determination methods for conformity of emissions from light-duty vehicles. Manufacturers are obliged to ensure that the vehicles they produce and sell meet the requirements for in-use conformance of this standard.
Compared with GB 18352.5-2013 ?€?Limits and measurement methods for
emissions from light-duty vehicles (CHINA 5)?€?, the main changes in this standard include.
- CHANGE the type I test cycle, TIGHTEN the pollutant emission limits, ADD the measurement requirements for the number of particulate emissions
from gasoline vehicles;
- DESIGNATE the real driving emission (RDE) test as type II test;
- TIGHTEN the Type VI test items and limits;
- REVISE technical requirements for monitoring items, thresholds and
monitoring conditions for on-board diagnostic systems;
- REVISE the relevant requirements for obtaining vehicle on-board
diagnostic systems and vehicle maintenance and repair information;
- REVISE the determination method of production consistency inspection
and the relevant requirements for the in-use conformance inspection;
- REVISE the technical requirements for test fuels;
- ADD requirements for control of pollutants in the refueling process;
- ADD test requirements for hybrid electric vehicles.
This part of the standard modifies and uses European Union (EC) No 715/2007 ?€?Regulations on Type Approval of Pollutants Emitted by Light Passenger
Vehicles and Commercial Vehicles and Regulations on Obtaining Maintenance and Repair Information for Vehicles?€?, (EC) No 692/2008 ?€?Regulations on (EC) the Implementation and Revision of (EC) No 715/2007 Regulations on Type Approval of Pollutants Emitted by Light Passenger Vehicles and Commercial Limits and measurement methods for emissions from
This standard specifies the emission limits and measurement methods for exhaust emissions at normal temperature and low temperature, real driving emission (RDE) exhaust emissions, crankcase pollutants, evaporative
emissions, and refueling pollutants, as well as the technical requirements and measurement methods for the pollutant control device durability and on-board diagnostics (OBD) systems of light-duty vehicles which are equipped with ignition type engine.
This standard specifies the emission limits and measurement methods for exhaust emissions at normal temperature and low temperature, real driving emission (RDE) exhaust emissions, crankcase pollutants, as well as the
technical requirements and measurement methods for the pollutant control device durability and on-board diagnostics (OBD) systems of light-duty vehicles which are equipped with compression-ignition type engine.
This standard specifies the requirements and confirmation of light-duty vehicle type inspection, production conformance and in-use conformity inspection and determination methods.
This standard also specifies special requirements for the light-duty vehicles which use liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or natural gas (NG).
This standard also specifies the type inspection procedures for pollutant emissions of the alternative pollutant control devices which are used as an independent technology assembly and proposed to be installed on light-duty vehicles.
This standard also specifies the technical requirements for vehicles that use reactants in exhaust aftertreatment systems, as well as the emission test procedures for vehicles that are equipped with periodic regenerative systems. This standard applies to light-duty vehicles (including hybrid electric vehicles) powered by ignition engines or compression-ignition engines with a maximum design speed of 50 km/h or more.
Under the requirements of production companies, category M1, M2, N1 and N2 vehicles with a maximum design total mass of more than 3500 kg can be
subject to type inspection in accordance with this standard.
This standard does not apply to vehicles that have passed the CHINA 6 type inspection in accordance with the provisions of GB 17691.
The use of vehicles whose fuel types are not contained in Appendix K may be implemented with reference to the relevant provisions of this standard. 2 Normative references
The following documents or clauses therein are referenced in this standard. For undated references, the latest edition is applicable to this standard.
GB 1495 Limits and measurement methods for noise emitted by accelerating motor vehicles
GB 3847 Limits and measurement methods for exhaust smoke from C.I.E.
(Compression Ignition Engine) and vehicle equipped with C.I.E.
GB 7258 Safety specifications for power-driven vehicles operating on roads GB/T 15089 Classification of power-driven vehicles and trailers
GB 17691 Limits and measurement methods for exhaust emissions from
compression ignition and gas fueled positive ignition engines of vehicles (III IV V)
GB 18285 Limits and measurement methods for exhaust emissions from
vehicles equipped ignition engine under two-speed idle conditions and
simple driving mode conditions
GB/T 19001 Quality management system requirements
GB/T 27630 Guideline for air quality assessment of passenger car
HJ/T 390 Technical requirement for environmental protection product -
Control system of fuel evaporative emissions from vehicle with petrol engine HJ 509 Determination of platinum, palladium and rhodium loading in the
vehicle-used ceramic catalytic converters - Inductive coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry and inductive coupled plasma-mass spectrometry
ISO 2575 Road vehicles - Symbols for controls, indicators and tell-tales ISO 8422-1991 Sequential sampling plans for inspection by attributes
ISO 9141-2 Road vehicles - Diagnostic systems - Part 2. CARB
requirements for interchange of digital information
ISO 14230-4 Road vehicles - Diagnostic systems - Keyword Protocol 2000
- Part 4. Requirements for emission-related systems
ISO 15031-3 Road vehicles - Communication ceilings - Related diagnostics - Part 3. Diagnostic connector and related electrical circuits, specification and use
ISO 15031-4 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external
equipment for emissions - related diagnostics - Part 4. External test
ISO 15031-5 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external
equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 5. Emissions-related diagnostic services
ISO 15031-6 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external
equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 6. Diagnostic trouble code definition
ISO 15031-7 Road vehicles - Communication between vehicle and external
equipment for emissions-related diagnostics - Part 7. Datalink security ISO 15765-4 Road vehicles - Diagnostics on Controller Area Network (CAN) - Part 4. Requirements for emissions-related systems
EN 1822 High efficiency air filters (EPA, HEPA and ULPA)
SAE J1850 Class B data communications network interface
SAE J2186 E/E datalink security
SAE J1930 Electronic system diagnostic items, definitions, and
abbreviations (equivalent to ISO/TR 15031-2)
SAE J1930-DA Electronic system diagnostic items, definitions and
abbreviations, and abbreviations website tool spreadsheet program
(equivalent to ISO/TR 15031-2)
SAE J1962 Diagnostic interface (equivalent to ISO/DIS 15031-3. December 14, 2001)
SAE J1978 OBDII scan tool (equivalent to ISO/DIS 15031-4. December 14,
SAE J1979 E/E diagnostic test mode
An apparatus or strategy that activates, adjusts, delays or stops the work of a certain component or function of exhaust control system through
measuring, sensing or responding the operation parameters of vehicles (e.g., vehicle speed, engine speed, transmission gear, temperature, altitude,
intake manifold vacuum, or other parameters), to make the control effect of the emission control system lower under normal use conditions of vehicles. The following measures are not regarded as defeat devices.
(1) Measures required to protect the engine from damage or accidents and to ensure safe driving of the vehicle;
(2) Measures that only work when the engine starts;
(3) Measure that does work in type I, type II, type III, type IV, type VI, and type VII tests.
An agent that is provided to the emission after-treatment system as required by the emission control system, is stored on the vehicle but not used as fuel. 3.30
Periodically regenerating system
A catalytic converter, particle trap or other pollution control device that requires a periodic regeneration process during normal vehicle operation not exceeding 4000 km.
For a periodical regeneration system, emissions during the regeneration phase can be exceeded. If at least one regeneration occurs during the type I test after the pollution control device has undergone at least one
regeneration during the pretreatment period, the regeneration system shall be considered as a continuous regeneration system and not applicable to the test procedure of the periodical regeneration system as specified in Appendix Q.
If the data provided by production companies to the environmental protection authorities shows that the emissions during the regeneration phase are
lower than the limit of 126.96.36.199, the periodical regeneration system test procedure may not be used, and a written statement may be made to the
environmental protection authority.
5.1.2 The production enterprise shall adopt technical measures to ensure that the vehicle can effectively control its exhaust emissions, actual exhaust emissions, crankcase pollutants, evaporative emissions, and refueling
emissions within the limits specified in this standard under normal use conditions and normal life span. This also includes hoses and their joints used in emission control systems, as well as the reliability of individual wiring, which shall be manufactured to meet their original design requirements.
All vehicles shall be equipped with an OBD system that shall be designed, manufactured, and installed on the vehicle to ensure that the vehicle recognizes and records the type of degradation or failure throughout its full life. If the provisions of clause 5 (type inspection), clause 7 (production consistency) and clause 8 (in-use conformity) are satisfied, it is determined that the requirements of these terms are satisfied.
It is forbidden to use defeat devices.
During the full life of the vehicle, the technical measures taken by the production enterprises and the OBD system of the vehicle equipment shall not be
transformed, unless it is necessary to solve the problem of vehicle emission defects, and the manufacturer has given written explanation of the
5.1.3 One of the following measures shall be taken to prevent excessive evaporative emissions or fuel spillage due to the loss of the fuel tank cap. (1) Automatically opened and closed fuel tank caps that cannot be
(2) To prevent excessive evaporative emissions caused by the loss of the fuel tank cap from the structural design;
(3) Any other measures with the same effect. For example, fastened fuel tank cap; or otherwise the fuel tank cap is locked, and the vehicle
ignition share the same key, and the key can only be removed when
the fuel tank cap is locked.
5.1.4 Safety provisions for electronic control systems
188.8.131.52 The manufacturer shall ensure that the discharge-related requirements or parameters in the electronic control unit are not altered. If changes are required to diagnose, maintain, inspect, renew, or repair the vehicle, it shall be authorized by the manufacturer and recorded in-detail in the conformance material. Manufacturers shall provide a certain level of protection measures to prevent any reprogrammable electronic control unit code or operating
parameters from being illegally altered. The protection level is at least for future reference, and it shall be kept for at least 3 years.
5.3.9 Type inspection test for alternative pollution control devices as an independent technology assembly
184.108.40.206 For alternative pollution control devices, tests shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix M.
220.127.116.11 For the original alternative pollution control device, if it meets the requirements of M.4.2.1 and M.4.2.2, it does not have to be tested in
accordance with Appendix M.
5.3.10 Type inspection test for LPG or NG fueled vehicles
For vehicles that use LPG or NG, they shall be tested in accordance with Appendix L.
5.3.11 Technical requirements for vehicles using reactants for exhaust
Vehicles that use reactants for aftertreatment systems to achieve emissions reduction purposes shall meet the requirements of Appendix P.
5.4 Internal air quality
All vehicles of category M1 shall meet the requirements of the ?€?Guideline for air quality assessment of passenger car?€? (GB/T 27630-2011) and subsequent
5.5 Test fuel
In the type inspection test, all the tests except the type II and type V tests shall use the reference fuel that meets the requirements of Appendix K. The type II and type V tests shall use the commercially available vehicle fuels that meet the requirements of the CHINA 6 gasoline/diesel standard.
For fuel types not included in Appendix K, commercially available vehicle fuels that comply with the relevant national standards shall be used.
5.6 Provisions on emissions warranty period
5.6.1 The production enterprise shall ensure that the materials, manufacturing processes and product quality of the emission-related parts and components, to ensure its normal function during useful life.
5.6.2 If the emission-related parts and components fail or damage during the warranty period, resulting in the failure of the exhaust system, or vehicle emissions exceeding the limits of this standard, the manufacturer shall bear the 6.2 Extension related to crankcase emissions (type III test)
The engine model and manufacturer are the same. The crankcase emission
pollution control method is the same.
6.3 Extension related to evaporative emissions (type IV and VII tests)
6.3.1 Fuel tank
- The fuel tank shape, the fuel tank, and the liquid fuel hose are same in materials;
- The difference in volume of the fuel tank is within ??10%;
- The type of gas-liquid separator (if applicable) is the same as the type and emission type of the breathing valve of the fuel tank;
- The setting pressure of the fuel tank breathing valve opening pressure is the same;
- Fuel tank thermal shielding device (with/without);
- The oil refueling pipe has the same sealing methods for preventing the oil gas leakage;
- Fuel tank cap.
6.3.2 Fuel/air metering method
- The basic principles of fuel/air metering are the same (for example, whether there are throttles, inlet passage with multiple injections, single-point injections, and in-fuel tank direct-injection vehicles cannot be in the same family).
- The method for storing fuel vapors is the same, that is, specifications and models, materials and production plants of activated carbon canisters and storage media, and air cleaners (if used for evaporative emission control); - The method of desorption of storage vapor is the same (e.g. the same
starting point is set; the volumetric error of desorption in the air flow or test cycle is within 10%);
- The structure of the canister system in the fuel system is the same;
- The basic principle of the desorption valve is the same
in Appendix A and Appendix B, select new production vehicles to carry out some or all of the tests described in 5.3 and 5.4. The selection of vehicles and the determination of inspection results shall be performed in accordance with 7.2 to 7.10. If a certain vehicle model cannot meet any requirement of the
production consistency inspection, it is determined that the model does not meet the requirements of this standard. OBD production consistency assurance shall also meet the requirements of Appendix JA.7.
7.1 In order to ensure that mass-produced vehicles, systems, components, and independent technology assemblies are in line with the status after type inspection, and that the emission of the mass-produced vehicle is up to standard, the manufacturer shall formulate and implement a production
consistency assurance plan for each vehicle model family. A production
consistency assurance plan may include one or more emission family.
7.1.1 Vehicle manufacturer shall formulate a production consistency assurance plan before mass produ...